ANT 1101 Lecture Notes - Phonology, Nonverbal Communication, Ethnolinguistics

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Published on 3 Oct 2012
School
University of Ottawa
Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT 1101
Professor
Language and Communication
Language
Symbolic System
- Learned
- Shared
- Culturally Transmitted
- Symbols can be combined to create other meaningful combinations
- A symbol is one type of sign: something that refers to (stands for, indicates,
means) something else.
Phonological (sound) Patterning: a small number of distinguishable units of
sound (/k/, /a/, /t/, etc.) which are meaningless and how those units of sound may
be combined into longer, composite sounds /k/ /a/ /t/ is distinguishable from /t/
/a/ /k/; producing a very large number of possible composite sounds that speakers
of the language can identify
Morphological (meaning) Patterning: the identifiable, distinguishable units of
meaning: “dog”, “car”, “-s” for plural, etc.
Listening
Making meaning from sound
Filters: culture, language, values, beliefs, attitudes, expectation, intentions
Phonology: is the study of speech sounds
Phonetics: description and study of human speech sounds in general, across all
languages
Phonemics: describes how speakers of a given language categorize the range of
possible speech sounds into significant types (phonemes)
Phonemes: the smallest significant units of sound in a given language
Minimal Pair: two words that differ in meaning because of the change of a single
sound (van vs. ban)
Morphology: describes how a given language categorizes experiences into
morphemes (units of meaning) and combines morphemes into words
Morphemes: are the smallest units of meaning in a language
- Two English morphemes are “dog” (an animal) and “-s” (plural)
Syntax (or grammar): describes how a given language combines words into
utterances (phrases, sentences, etc.) according to its specific set of rules
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Document Summary

Symbols can be combined to create other meaningful combinations. A symbol is one type of sign: something that refers to (stands for, indicates, means) something else. Phonological (sound) patterning: a small number of distinguishable units of sound (/k/, /a/, /t/, etc. ) which are meaningless and how those units of sound may be combined into longer, composite sounds /k/ /a/ /t/ is distinguishable from /t/ /a/ /k/; producing a very large number of possible composite sounds that speakers of the language can identify. Morphological (meaning) patterning: the identifiable, distinguishable units of meaning: dog , car , -s for plural, etc. Filters: culture, language, values, beliefs, attitudes, expectation, intentions. Phonetics: description and study of human speech sounds in general, across all languages. Phonemics: describes how speakers of a given language categorize the range of possible speech sounds into significant types (phonemes) Phonemes: the smallest significant units of sound in a given language.

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