- Culture controls behaviour and ways of thinking
- Culture is the learned, shared values, beliefs and rules that structure people’s
thinking and behaviour culture from the anthropological perspective is:
- Culture is also practical (or adaptive)
- We produce our culture – but are also a product of our culture, it influences
- Results out of human nature
Shared: numerous people share the same set of beliefs, values, etc.
Learned: culture is not biological and people are not born with it. It is socially
hereditary rather than biologically hereditary
Values: Collective ideas about what is right or wrong, good or bad
Ideal Culture: refers to the values and standards of behaviour that people in a
society profess to hold
Real culture: refers to the values and standards of behaviour that people actually
Norms: established rules of behaviours or standards of conduct (pay taxes, don’t
talk while you eat, use your manners).
Formal Norms: are written down and involve punishment for violations (laws).
Informal Norms: are unwritten standards of behaviour understood by people who
share a common identity
Symbolic: Symbols are anything that meaningfully represents something else
(wedding band, flags, peace sign). By placing meanings on things in culture turns
objects, actions etc. into symbols of other things or ideas
Integrated: its many parts fit together in a generally (but not necessarily
completely) coherent, logical way
Organizational Integration: culture is a system