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Class 3. Culture.docx

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Natalie Ward

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Culture - Culture controls behaviour and ways of thinking - Culture is the learned, shared values, beliefs and rules that structure people’s thinking and behaviour culture from the anthropological perspective is: o Learned o Shared o Symbolic o Integrated - Culture is also practical (or adaptive) - We produce our culture – but are also a product of our culture, it influences us. - Results out of human nature Shared: numerous people share the same set of beliefs, values, etc. Learned: culture is not biological and people are not born with it. It is socially hereditary rather than biologically hereditary Values: Collective ideas about what is right or wrong, good or bad Ideal Culture: refers to the values and standards of behaviour that people in a society profess to hold Real culture: refers to the values and standards of behaviour that people actually follow Norms: established rules of behaviours or standards of conduct (pay taxes, don’t talk while you eat, use your manners). Formal Norms: are written down and involve punishment for violations (laws). Informal Norms: are unwritten standards of behaviour understood by people who share a common identity Symbolic: Symbols are anything that meaningfully represents something else (wedding band, flags, peace sign). By placing meanings on things in culture turns objects, actions etc. into symbols of other things or ideas Integrated: its many parts fit together in a generally (but not necessarily completely) coherent, logical way Organizational Integration: culture is a system
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