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Class 10. Marriage, Family and Kinship.docx

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Natalie Ward

Family, Marriage and Kinship Guest Lecture by Natalie Carriere Why Study? - Family and kinship has key concerns of anthropological study - Kinship as an organizing feature of society - In Western society, separation, divorce and assisted reproductive technologies foster a whole new array of kind connections which are negotiable Marriage - Timeless and cross-cultural, through its forms and iterations vary - Various patterns of marriage are institutionalized in societies’’ moral and legal codes Functions Of The Family 1. Reproduction and Socialization 2. Social regulation of sexual competition 3. Economic 4. Status 5. Formation of intergroup alliances and exchanges Marriage, Family and Kinship in Classical Anthropology Importance of Kinship: - Kinship systems: “Identify who is family and who is not, and give guideline for behaviours, beliefs, property ownership, identity, and the myriad of other facets of interpersonal and interfamilial dynamics Key Kinship Terms Exogamy – The custom of marrying outside a community, clan, or tribe. Endogamy – The custom of marrying only within the limits of a local community, clan, or tribe. Matrilineality – Matrilineality is a system in which lineage is traced through the mother and maternal ancestors Patrilineality – Patrilineality (or agnatic kinship) is a system in which one belongs to one's father's lineage. Cognatic Descent - tracing descent through both the females and males in one's lineage Bilateral Descent – line of descent traced through both the maternal and paternal sides of the family Matrifocal - (of a society, culture, etc.) Based on the mother as the head of the family or household Matrilocal - Denoting a custom in marriage whereby the husband goes to live with the wife's community Patrifocal Kinship – terminology refers to specific systems of familial relationships. Kinship terminologies include the terms of address used in different languages or communities for different relatives and the terms of reference used to identify the relationship of these relatives to ego or to each other. Patrilocal - Relating to a pattern of marriage in which the couple settles in the husband's home or community Virilocal – Is a term referring to the social system in which a married couple resides with or near the husband's parents. Consanguineal Kin – persons related by birth. Affinal Kin – In law and in cultural anthropology, affinity, as distinguished from consanguinity, is kinship by marriage. It is the relation, which each party to a marriage bears to the kindred of the other. In English, affinity is usually signified by adding "-in-law" to the degree of kinship. Avuncular – Relating to the relationship between men and their siblings' children Polygyny – A pattern of mating in which a male animal has more than one female mate Polyandry – A pattern of mating in which a female animal has more than one male mate Non-monogamy – Is a blanket term which covers several
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