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Lecture

Culture, Food+ Patterns of Substinence .docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANT1101
Professor
Natalie Ward
Semester
Fall

Description
Culture, Food & Patterns Of Subsistence - Food is cultural. Food is central to economics, politics, and society. Food is gendered, racialized, linked to morality, produced, consumed, a product. - Subsistence Strategies: the patterns of production, distribution and consumption that members of a society employ to ensure the satisfaction of their basic material survival needs Hunters & Gatherers (foragers) - Subsistence by gathering, foraging - Small groups - Mobile - Few possessions - Minimal hierarchy - Social organization based on kinship Food Producers: Extensive Agriculture - Slash and Burn o Clear plots of uncultivated land o Burn the brush and plant their crops - Extensive Agriculture: emphasizing the extensive use of land as farm plots are moved every few years - Fallow: the resting period between periods of agriculture use of a plot of land Food Producers: Intensive Agriculture - Intensive Agriculture: a form of cultivation that employs plows, draft animals, irrigation, fertilizer, etc. to bring much more land under cultiv
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