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BIO 1130 Lecture Notes - Chitin, Carl Linnaeus, Monophyly

Course Code
BIO 1130
Jon Houseman

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Organizing the Living World
Linneaus classified organisms based on morphologically and structurally similar characters
rather than differences, this term refers to these types of characters HOMOLOGOUS
Plural of taxon TAXA
Synonym for evolutionary taxonomy NATURAL
Every animal in a taxon shares this type of ancestor COMMON
Special text formatting that you have to apply to a genus species name when typed ITALIC
In some animals in a taxon the original characters that defined the group have been modified,
they are now this type of character DERIVED
These derived characters are shared by all the members of the clade and are referred to as these
Cladistics emphasizes this type of relationship between the different taxa MONOPHYLETIC
A term that describes any of the major or minor groups in the classification system TAXON
The kingdom of multicelled saprophytic organisms that have a cell wall composed of chitin
Monophyletic groups have this number of ancestors ONE
These appendages of bats and birds are homologous with our arms WINGS
Two different taxa have similar looking structures that function in similar ways. Its an example
of this type of evolution CONVERGENT
A subset of organisms within a group that all have the same shared characters are referred to as
this, and give this method of classification its name. CLADE
If different taxa are related to each other and the ancestor to the group is not included in the
classification they are referred as this POLYPHYLETIC
Birds and insects both fly and have wings, but they don't share a common ancestor so their
wings are considered as being this type of character HOMOPLASY
Genus and species names are written in this language LATIN
The kingdom of multicellular organisms that have to feed by swallowing other organisms
whole, or in chunks ANIMALIA
The kingdom of multicellular photosynthesizers PLANTAE
This type of taxonomy results in lists of different organisms ANCIENT
In a taxon characters found in the ancestor or the group are considered this, and its not a
statement on their value PRIMITIVE
Phylogenetic systematics is also called this CLADISTICS
The way that organisms in the kingdom fungi get their nutrients ABSORPTION
The evolutionary history of a group of organisms is expressed as this PHYLOGENY
Another name for a primitive character ANCESTRAL
Another name for numeric taxonomy PHENETIC
Old organisms turned to stone FOSSILS
Dendrograms look like this TREES
Plants can make this ,and to survive animals must consume it FOOD
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