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Lecture 1

BIO 1130 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Flower Power, Phanerozoic, Big Bang


Department
Biology
Course Code
BIO 1130
Professor
Jon Houseman
Lecture
1

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BIO1130
LectureSeptember14,2015
MajoreventsinthehistoryofBiology
 PreDarwinianbiology:earlyexplanationsofthelivingworld
 Darwinianthought:howandwhywasDarwin'sworksuchagamechange
 Moderntheoryofevolutionandmore:evolutionofthecommonunderlyingthemeof
biology
 IdentifyandunderstandthemajoreventsandfindingsinBiology
 Beabletoplacethemainfindingsofbiologyinahistoricalcontext
 Explainhowbiologydiffersfromtheothersciences
 Understandhowbiologyisdonescientificmethodinnaturalsciences
Earth'schangingbiodiversity:
 Hadeonera:afterthebigbang,somecosmology,andalittleastrology
 Archeonera:acbacterialanaearoticworldanditsdemise
 Proterozoiceon:arrivalofthesinglecelledeukaryotestheprotists
 PhanerozoiceonPaleozoicera:Explosionofmulticellularlife,fromtheoceansa
transitiontoland,andamassivemassextinction.
 PhanerozoiceonMesozoicera:Recovery,continentalbreakup,flowerpowerandthe
ageofreptiles.
 PhanerozoiceonCenozoicera:Anotherrecovery,vertebratediversificationandtheage
ofmammals.
Majoreventsinthehistoryofbiology
 historicalcontext(i.e.Darwin&Mendel)
 definitionofbiology(1802):manifestationsoflifeinitsvariousforms,heconditionsand
lawscontrollingtheirexistenceandthecausebywhichthisiseffected
3Periodsofhistoricaldivision:
 Predarwinianandthenaturalsciences(400BCElate1800’s)
 400BCE450CE:GreekandRomanages(centralizedgovernmentwitha
networkofcommunicationstrategiesthatcanmanipulatetheirsocietybecauseof
theirconnectionstothemajorcities/governments)(exploitationsofthewealth
sponsorforeducation,etc)(exploitationsofnatureagriculture,mineral,etc.)
● falloftheRomanemperorwasdueto:theytriedtoconquermorethantheycould
handle,Germanyinvadedthem,theycouldn'tprotecttheperipheryoftheirempire
 45016thcentury:Medievalages:
 16thcentury18thcentury:Renaissanceandthescientificrevolution:
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