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Lecture 2

BIO1530 Lecture 2: PreDarwinian-Notes.docx

Course Code
BIO 1530
Jon Houseman

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History of Biology:Pre Darwinian
Slide 7: Major Events in the history of Biology
450-16th century: Medeival Ages
16th-18th century:Renaissance and the scientific revolution
Slide 8: 16th-18th century:The scientific revolution and the start of modern sciences
First: Telescope 1608
Second: Microscope 1678
With microscope there was more they didn’t see before
Third: Computer Chips 1961
Computer Chips- calculations to integrating material faster
Fourth:Fiber Optics 1980’s
Allows mass movement and collaboration
Slide 10: 400 BCE – 450: Greek and Roman ages
Hippocrates was the father of medicine
He collected the writings of medicine and added all the writings of biologists all
together in a book-this helped him make an arguments
Slide 11: ‘ ‘’
As the greeks are travelling the world they are collecting many things like
fish,animals etc,
First classification of the living world and ranked
Slide 12: Naming
He classified them into categories, organized them
Slide 13:Types of Taxonomies
Folk Taxonomies were the organization of the world and he wrote them before it
was word of mouth , this was the first classification in the living world
Once it was written more things could be added which made it artificial
classification which is writing it down and putting it in lists
It gets written down
Slide 14:
Organized the plants for medicine, important science
Attributes their medical importance
Based on reproductive system of plants
The classification is still correct
Formal father of classification

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Slide 15:
Every living thing has an essence to it , belief in essentialism passed from one
generation to another
Slide 16:
450-16th century: Medeival Ages
16th-18th century: Renaissance and the Scientific notation
Didn’t get the material needed for the size of Rome
With this change there is no ability for scholarship
Small towns are dependent on what they need within themselves and are not
All the knowledge base is still in churches
Slide 17:
Nothing much could get done and things remained the same
There is one entity at the top
Religion gives many things
Nothing has changed in the organization and why the living world the way it is
Slide 18
In the 1960’s a scholar went back into all the readings and worked backwards and
came up this
The main idea is everything arrived Oct.23rd,4004 BCE
This sets the age for the world , it all arrived on a Saturday
Slide 19:
1300-1500: Late Middle Ages
Early middle ages is where we see the destruction of Rome, as it starts building
up it is the end of the dark ages.
We see enough money for the churches to build up all the cathedrals and we see
culture being built, there is potential for knowledge
The Black Plague then happens and half to 2/3rds of Europe died and this crashes
the “economy” all over again
All progress that is made is lost as the plague hits
The plague started with a flea , the disease transmitted quickly
After the population grows and western civilization grows but the European
culture is lost
Slide 20:
Talking about evolution
Slide 21:
Al-Dinawari adds description of medicinal plans to the book
Avicenna added the medecines
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