- Philosophy: people arrived at cures through reasoning
Healing often connected with superstition, magic and/or religion.
Was often harmful since people reasoned too far away from actual problem.
No scientific basis.
- Plato believed both diseases and their answers came from God. Aristotle
believed that the cures could actually be found on Earth. Both assumed a
religious component. Both pretty much sucked, unlike:
• Hippocrates (460-370 BC)
- Considered the Father of medicine
Promoted experimental methods, not just reasoning
- Believed that both problems and their cures were Earthly
Rejected superstition and religion from healing.
- Used cures such as Ox liver (contains vitamin A) and poppy juice (contains
• Doctrine of Humors
- Developed by Hippocrates
- Stated that the body was made of 4 humors, which he then associated with the
“4 elements”, as well as their physical symptoms (and personalities)
- Earthdryblack bile melancholic
- Air cold blood sanguine
- Fire hot yellow bile choleric
- Water wet phlegm phlegmatic
- Stated that the 4 humors are normally in balance, but that occasional rises/falls
of a humor cause disease
- Cure was to rebalance the humors
Diagnosed using the properties of the humors
Ex: Fever associated with hot and dry, so cure using cold and wet
Blood-letting was often used, and still practiced up to 150 years ago.