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Headache
- Used to be believed that headaches were caused by demons
- Used to stick head in oven, hot needles in head, cut hole in head, cut tissue around head to
‘release demons’ (didn’t work, obviously)
- Brain does not feel pain (neurons in brain don’t cause pain)
- Thin layer of tissue around head causes pain
- 12 types of headaches (60 subtypes)
Muscular headache
- Muscle band around head contacts (caused by stress)
- Treatment: pain killer (Advil, aspirin, etc.)
Vascular headache
- Toxic (caused by poison), vasodilation (blood vessels get bigger and squished)
- Example: hangover; migraine; cluster
- MSG when added to food make food taste better (magnifies flavour)
- Was believed to give people headaches but it doesn’t
- MonoSodium Glutamate (MSG) is 5% of body (it’s an amino acid)
- Caffeine is a vasoconstrictor (makes blood vessels smaller -> opposite of vasodilation)
- Treat toxic headache -> anything other than Tylenol for hangovers (could cause liver damage);
caffeine may help; Aspirin, Advil
Migraine
- 18% of women and 6% of men get migraines
- Known as very severe headaches
- Phase 1: vasoconstriction (blood vessels get smaller) -> aura phase
- Phase 2: vasodilation (blood vessels get bigger) -> this causes pain
- Prodrome Phase: mood swings (30-40% of sufferers get it)
- Aura: one or two hours before pain
- Scotomas (visuals disturbances); smell things that aren’t there
- Pain lasts 1-72 hours (sensitive to light, sound, smell)
- Postdrome Phase: happens after pain stops; feeling ‘hung over’, exhaustion, poor concentration
Treatment of Migraines
- A.S.A.
- Acetaminophen
- Ibuprofen
- Naproxen
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