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Lecture 3

CLA 2323 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Greek Mythology, Heinrich Schliemann, Oxhide

Classical Studies
Course Code
CLA 2323
Efharis Kostala

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1220 !
The real Trojan War? !
- in what is now northwestern Turkey, modern archaeology has revealed a fortified city, !
destroyed by fire sometime during 1250–1200 B.C. !
-was this the real-life city of Troy, captured and burned by the Mycenaean Greeks, as
commemorated distortedly in myth? !
We cannot know who destroyed the city, but speculation is tantalizing. !
Downfall of the Mycenaean Civilization. Destruction of all the Mycenaean !
cities, in close succession. !
1200–750: The “Dark Age” of Greece !
—Modern archaeology reveals signs of widespread destruction and economic
depression, !
as compared with the Mycenaean era. The Greeks survive as a people, but in greatly !
reduced material circumstances. !
—At this point in history, until about 800 B.C., the Greeks lack any knowledge of
—A new technology: The metal iron begins to be used in Greece, around 1050 B.C.
This !
ironworking technology has arrived in Greece from the east, perhaps ultimately from !
Armenia. Iron as a !
will be distortedly remembered in Greek myth. !
—Gradual revival of Greek culture and trade, 900–750 B.C.!
Class 2 !
Greek Mythology: tales of the Gods and tales of the heroes !
-god vs. hero??!
-most world mythologies focus on the gods !
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