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Lecture 11

CMN 2173 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Binary Opposition

Course Code
CMN 2173
Dina Salha

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Basic assumptions: we can discern underlying structures behind the often
fluctuating and changing appearance of social ralities.
Things that appear to us as discrete entities are the artifacts products of
of structures
what appears to us solid, normal is in fact a relation between these underline
De Saussure
First formulations of structuralism were in the work of Ferdinand de Saussure
(1857 - 1913)
Book: The Course of General Linguistics (published after his death).
De Saussure acknowledge that language gives particularity to each speaker,
culture, and so forth, but this is not its singularity.
His point of view is that everyone is a way or another understands one
Looking for the common base for a reciprocal comprehension.
Individual linguistic productivity is particular and singiluar.
Reciprocal comprehension is universal and non-individual
His idea was that idea that language is something that has rules and that
there is the difference between what he called language and speech.
According to him weather we speak the same language or not there is
something common we manage to understand each other
Opposition of Language and Parole
LANGUE: universal system that we all share;
PAROLE: particular manifestation of language under the form of terms.
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