CMN 2181 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Proxemics, Olfaction, Nonverbal Communication
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CMN 2181 Full Course Notes
Nonverbal communication; refers to the use of non-spoken symbols which communicate a specific message. Nonverbal communication includes: use of space, body language, use of touch, paralanguage, use of time, use of smell, scent and odor, appearance and dress. Research has shown there is a degree of universality amongst some nonverbal communication: ex; expression of sadness or fear. The rules" governing the displays of nonverbal communication vary across cultures and are learned through socialization. Verbal and nonverbal are often simultaneous and are inextricably intertwined. Cognitive content; conveyed through the verbal part of a message. Affective content; conveyed through the nonverbal component: most meaning is derived from affective. Functions (of nonverbal codes); knapp and hall (1997) Six primary functions of nonverbal communication: repeat a verbal message, contradict a verbal message, substitute a verbal communication, complement a verbal message, accent a verbal message, regulate verbal communication. Difference between verbal and nonverbal codes; neuliep (2006) .