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Lecture 3

CMN 3103 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Implied Consent, Stanford Prison Experiment, Chat Room


Department
Communication
Course Code
CMN 3103
Professor
Peruvemba Jaya
Lecture
3

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Lecture 3
Ethical Issues
ETHICAL TENETS/PRINCIPLES OF RESEARCH
!Do No Harm: avoiding emotional and psychological harm
!Voluntary Consent: consent must be given freely and voluntarily
!Deception: there must be no deception when conducting the
study/project
ETHICALLY QUESTIONABLE
!Various studies in the past which were questionable in relation to
ethics and involved manipulation and in some cases harm to
participants
!Tuskegee Syphilis Study
!Stanley Milgram’s “Obedience”
!Philip Zimbardo’s “Stanford Prison Experiment”
!CIA’s ARTICHOKE program
!Laud Humphrey’s “Tea Room Trade”
ETHICAL REGULATIONS
!National Research Act of 1974
!Established Institutional Research Boards (IRB)
!Buckley Amendment
!Protection of privacy
!Privacy Acts of 1974
!Safeguards for the release of records
INSTITUTIONAL REVIEW BOARDS
!Duties
o!Ensure safety to human subjects
!!Assurance of informed consent
!!Advise subjects of potential risks and benefits
o!Ensure unhampered research opportunities
o!http://www.research.uottawa.ca/ethics/
CONSENT
!Active
o!Formal written permission from parent or guardian
!Passive
o!Permission granted unless a refusal letter is returned
JUSTIFICATION FOR NON-CONSENT
!To gain a more meaningful understanding of the research topic
!Volunteers may be coerced or manipulated
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