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Lecture 6

CMN 3104 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: May Chidiac, Zahra Kazemi, Politics Of Lebanon


Department
Communication
Course Code
CMN 3104
Professor
Dina Salha
Lecture
6

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Lecture'6:'Struggle'for'Gender'Equality'in'the'Newsrooms'
Contradictions!of!the!Lebanese!Environment!
- Progressive!environment!where!there!is!freedom!of!speech!for!news,!use!of!human!
rights!to!discuss!issues!like!domestic!violence,!different!sexualities,!etc.!
- Self-censorship!occurs!more!than!official!censorship!as!there!are!societal!pressures!of!
acting!in!a!certain!way!
- Confessional!sectarian!political!system!(politics!and!religion!are!intertwined)!
o There!are!different!religious!groups!and!conflict!often!occurs!between!these!
views!
- Conservative!patriarchal!social!values!due!to!reliance!on!religious!thought!
- Increasing!dialogue!on!gender!equality!and!issues!dealing!with!the!oppression!of!women!
!
Trends!in!Journalism!
- Underrepresentation!of!women!in!!
o Positions!of!power!
o The!news!industry!
o **women!working!in!the!media!industry!are!often!seen!as!program!announcers,!
weather!reporters,!or!reading!the!news!but!not!in!higher!positions!of!power!
!
Ratio!of!Employment!
- Exceeds!2:1!male!to!female!in!Lebanese!news!industry!
- Contrasts!that!there!are!roughly!4:1!female!to!male!in!journalism!programs.!Even!
though!more!women!are!accessing!education!for!journalism,!there!are!more!men!
gaining!employment!
- Stereotypes!still!exist!that!women!are!not!savvy!which!can!be!seen!with!no!women!
reporting!on!the!tech!industry!in!Lebanon!
- **there!is!a!shift!of!women!marrying!later,!having!increased!financial!independence!
through!having!their!own!careers,!and!a!higher!divorce!rate!
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Issues!of!Sexual!Harassment!and!Gender!Discrimination!
- No!criminalization!according!to!the!Lebanese!Penal!Code!
- Overlooked!taboos!(sexual!comments,!marginalization,!categorization,!unwanted!
touching,!notion!it!is!a!compliment!because!you!are!“turning!heads”)!
- Protection!in!libel!and!defamation!code!(creation!of!his!vs.!her!story!unless!there!is!
evidence)!
- Lack!of!newsroom!policies!and!absence!of!national!legislation!!
- Lack!of!education!on!these!issues!in!school!
- Attempts!to!publicize!incidents!of!sexual!harassment!which!brings!the!issues!to!the!
public!sphere’s!attention!to!create!a!platform!for!discussion!
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Symbolism!vs.!Representation!
- Representation:!speaking!for!one-self!
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