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CMN2132 (26)
Lecture

Chapter 5-9 Non verbal

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Department
Communication
Course
CMN2132
Professor
Don't Know
Semester
Spring

Description
Chapter 5Proxemic Communication Meanings communicated by the use of space are not confined to the sometimes gross differences among culturesspecial needs seem to vary dramatically among citizens of a nation resents of a city and even members of a family Our proxemic or spatial behaviour seems to be most strongly affected by two competing needs the need for affiliation and the need for privacy oWe signal our desire to have contact with people and develop closer relationships with them through physical means to ensure our separation from them The impression manager must carefully consider which proxemic behaviors should and should not be exhibited in various contexts bc such behaviors are often important in impression management Proxemicssuggests that proximity or lack of it is a vitally important factor in human interaction oThe study of how individuals use space to communicateThe proximate Environment Everything that is physically present to the individual at a given moment Space oThe concept of visual space in nonverbal communication is analogous to the concept of silence in verbal communication o3 types of space Hallafixedfeature spacethe characteristic arrangement of rooms by function ex Formal dinners served in dinning roombsemifixedfeature spacethe placement of objects on the home office conference room and other proximate environments the objects we chooseto demarcate the boundaries and to accent the meaning of the semifixedfeature space in which we interactare important bc often they are direct extensions of our personality important on the credibility of the occupant of a home or officethe most important communicative function is the degree to which it promotes involvement or withdrawal among the individuals who are using the space cnonfixedfeatured spacethis is the space immediately surrounding our body that each of us perceives to be ours we use no physical objects to mark the boundaries of our personal space bc these boundaries are invisiblethe amount of personal space that we claim as ours many very depending on size current emotional state status and sex osemifixed and nonfixedfeature s pacewither they bring people together and stimulate involvement serving a sociopetal function or they keep people apart and promote withdrawl serving a sociofugal functionDistanceo4 types of informal distance Hall aIntimate 018ineasily distinguishable bc of the number and intensity of sensory inputs of which the communicators are intensely awareinappropriate for public bPersonal distance 154 ftthe distance individuals customarily place btw themselves and others Reliable clue to our selfconfidence as well as to our felt privacy needs cSocial distance 412 fttypically individuals engaged in a business transaction or consultation and is also appropriate for a range of social gatherings that are informal in nature dPublic distance 12ft or moreat the close phase of public 1225ft will find that interaction is of a very formal nature Beyond 25ft the voice loses much of its potential to transmit meanings accurately and facial expressions and movements must be rather expansive in order to be recognized o3 most important conclusions by Burgoon the characteristics and behaviours of a person who violates proxemic norms can be interpersonally rewarding to the person who is the object of the proxemic violation highreward initiators seem to achieve the most desirable communication outcomes when they violate distance norms rather than conform to them Ex Offer a complement praise or reward following the invasionNonrewarding or lowreward initiators are more likely to achieve desirable communication outcomes by conforming to rather than violating distance norms oThe expectancy violation theory EVT 3 partsViolation valencepossible range of whether the behavior is seen as positive or negative Violation expectednessthe possible range of expected behaviours reactions during the violencethis invasive action triggers a triggers fightorflight thesis when unanticipated Violation importancethe magnitude or impact that the violation of expectancy has on the relationship loveroPeople maintain distances from other people as they get olderoWe tend to maintain closer distances when interacting with people who are approximately our own age oAn increase in peoples status is usually associated with their desire to decrease the amount of distance that separates them from the people with whom they are interacting Territory
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