CMN 3133:Lecture #2 Sept 10 2013
Politics= order, power
Revisions of several antagonistic politics ▯ basic feature of politics.
Definition of antagonist: a person who actively opposes or is hostile to someone or something; an
Politics can take many forms.
Understanding the specific features of politics as a field. The place of conflct as the ultimate possibility of
Questions to be answered:
How do I know if a communication is political?
How do politics function and what is the ultimate purpose?
Not looking at politics in essence we are looking at politics as an operation (enemy) dividing goods for the
Thesis: antagonism is what defines the political field
State of Nature and politics Hobbes
The concept of political in Schmitt
lack of central authority creates chaos and violence.
Condition without a government
Each decides for herself/himself how to act and is judge, jury and executioner in her own case whenever
disputes arise complete autonomy. Private decision.
No outside influences, humans become egotistical and fight for their right to live.
State of nature is the state of perfectly
People would like to have their right to elf preservative every man has ought to have hope of obtaining it
and when he cannot obtain it, that he may seek and use all helps and advantages of war.
First branch to seek peace and follow
The sum of the right of nature which is by all means to defend ourselves. Self defense leads to a state of war it has no limits
When resources are scarce, the state of nature creates war.
Examples given in class:
Lucy australopithesus afarenis
Troy 1750 BCE 1300 BCE
Troy VI probably Toy of Homers, Iliad City as its zenith Rapt of the sabines
There will always be someone pledging revenge on you or your family.
Discussion Ex: in reality WWI allies and the international sphere is a state of nature
Elections every party tries to oppose the other party’s values
In politics ho was once your friend is now your enemy.
Politics can take different contexts with many different opportunities
Difference between politics as
us vs them, conflict amplify the fear and ambiance with internal terrorism with an individual whom
we fear 9/11
the images seen in the US will not be the same as those in the Middle East here the terrorist is a
us as a whole
Law of nature supports self defense but it is also the source of a state of danger
There has to be a authoritarian leviathan attack. A contract, a covenant