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Lecture 1

CRM1300 Lecture 1: CRIM LECTURE 1 + 2

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Carolyn Gordon

Intro to crim January 13 2016 Lecture #1 • What are norms? o Cultural expectations for how to behave in certain situations o What we deem to be excepted in out society ▪ Explicit -> ie when you go on a bus and see that certain seats are reserved for the elderly, you will not go to jail but it is an expectation • Will not call the cops but it is expected by society ▪ implicit • norms that are not written down, but we all know them • ie shaking someone’s hand when you meet them or coughing in your sleeve ▪ Examples? ▪ Why do we have them? • Helps us with expectations and predictions • Social control • What is deviance? ▪ Formal deviance and formal social control • It would be a crime • If you commit social deviance you will be formally punished • Ie jail time, ticket, probation, conditional sanction ▪ Informal deviance and informal social control • People violating norms, but these norms have not been notified into laws • If this happens then people often become ridiculed, ignored • examples on informal acts of deviance o talking back to authority o goth subculture o inappropriate dressing ie Hawaiian shirt at funeral o talking to yourself in public • are tattoos deviant? o It depends who you ask o Older would consider deviant, younger would not think of deviant ▪ Are all criminal acts deviant? • J-walking is illegal but not looked down upon • Speeding • Under aged drinking • Malum in se o An act that is universally seen by society as deviant and harmful to the greater good of society ▪ Ie homicide, terrorism ▪ • Malum prohibiutm o Wrong because it has been labeled as wrong, we are not born knowing that it is wrong ▪ Ie speeding, driving without insurance, drug use • What is crime? o An act or omission prohibited by criminal law (public law) o Omission means a failure to perform an act o Subject to sanctions by formal authority ▪ Crime is formal deviance o Key ingredients: ▪ Actus Reus -> the actual act of doing it ▪ Mens rea -> guilty mind ▪ No legal defence • “crime” words associated with it o illegal o abuse s s s o violence o detrimental o drugs o inappropriate o murder o deviance • who is the criminal? o We often think about criminals as people who rob, and kill and not as much as white collar crimes o It is more interesting to read about robbery then white collar crimes o When people see things closer to home they become more involves, we do no feel close to white collar crime o Instant vs taking longer ▪ Getting shot is right away but environmental issues take longer to see o If someone engages in crime are they a bad person? ▪ What we consider to be a crime or deviant will not always stay deviant
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