Class Notes (838,449)
Canada (510,888)
Criminology (2,472)
CRM1300 (408)

Chapter 1

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Carolyn Gordon

Norms – social expectations of how you should behave  varies with culture Explicit norm – priority seating Implicit norm – not written down Norms  regulate behaviour  Predict behaviour Deviance – anything that goes against norms Formal (sanctions) Informal (sanctions) Formal deviance – acts that violate formally enacted law Formal sanctions – prison, fines, probation Informal deviance – violation of norms that doesn’t result being penalized Informal sanctions – disapproving look Both = serious consequences Eg graffiti, public nudity, etc Q: who makes rules? What is normal/what isn’t? Deviance changes over time Gender differences  number of sexual partners Crime - Street crime (day to day crimes) vs sweet crime (white collar crimes) o Robbery, murder, arson, rape - Sweet crime is not seen as bad as street crime o Society focuses on street crime - Sweet crime  future effects - Street crime  immediate effects  media exposure - likely to be victimized by a known person  rather than stranger - Colonel Robin Williams   convicted of first degree murder  sexual assaults  serving two life sentences  Quebec prison - Omission – - Crime and deviance are different o Crime is deviant o Deviance isn’t necessarily a crime - Punishments/certain acts have changed over the years o Homosexuality  1974  mental illness - Crime and deviance is relative to time and place o Time - Racism, cigarettes, women’s rights o Place – women’s rights, Singapore  can’t chew gum, homosexuality  Russia - Relative for gender o Clothing o Promiscuity o Women get longer sentences  not common for women to commit crime - Relative to social status o Cops vs. teachers  pulled over, cops get off easily o Different courts for different people o The way people are dressed o Legal representation - Relative to social context o Drinking beer in the open  Canada day in the market o 4/20 o Sports  hockey, football o Murder in war vs. society - Social constructionism  act isn’t bad, but it becomes bad because it’s been given that label o Moral Panic  laws become laws because people become afraid  feeling in population that threatens social order  happens when there is a conditio
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