Class Notes (835,730)
Canada (509,354)
Criminology (2,472)
CRM1300 (408)
Sam Alvaro (78)
Lecture 7

Lecture 7: Criminal Justice System

4 Pages
44 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Criminology
Course
CRM1300
Professor
Sam Alvaro
Semester
Fall

Description
Courts What do the courts do?  Responsible for determining the guilt or innocence of accused and with imposing an appropriate sentence upon the convicted  Protection of rights of the individual and society  Monitoring of other CJ agencies o Police o Corrections  Without force of police (or military) they are useless  Rule not only on criminal, but also civil issues Court system  Proof prior to trial o Probable cause  Proof to convict o Beyond reasonable doubt  Participants o Defendant, crown prosecutor, defence counsel, judge, jury, victim (although some crimes are victimless), witness (not all crimes have witnesses)  Procedures o Governed by law, tradition, and judicial authority The plea  Guilty o 90% of defendants plead guilty o Plea bargains are not necessarily accepted  Judge doesn’t always accept the plea o Guilty plea must be free and voluntary  People that are poorer don’t have money to get lawyers --> resort to legal aid o May be sentenced or remanded  Not guilty o Trial date is set o Type of court depends on seriousness of offence o Some offences can be tried immediately before a provincially appointed judge Jury trial  Limited to offences with maximum sentence of 5 years or more  Usually at the request of the defendant, but may be ordered by the judge Appeals  Convicted o May appeal verdict or sentence or criminal responsibility  Prosecution may also appeal  Appeal verdict and sentence o May apply for release while under appeal  Appeal court o May order new trial or overturn conviction o May also overturn acquittal and convict  Supreme Court o Deals with Charter challenge o Hears only cases involving important points of law  Summary conviction appeals o Usually heard in superior courts What are the sentencing options  Fine  Suspended sentence  Probation/parole o Parole: go to jail o Probation: don’t go to jail  Imprisonment  New options towards Restorative Justice o Mediation o Community service Role of corrections in society  To contribute to the maintenance of a just, peaceful, and safe society by o Carrying out the sentence of the court o Providing the degree of custody necessary to contain the risk presented by the offender (ie maximum security prisoners go in maximum security prisons) o Encouraging offenders to adopt acceptable behaviour patterns and to participate in education, training, social development and work experiences o Providing a safe and healthful environment to incarcerated offenders which is conductive to their personal reformation  Effective corrections means o Distinguishing between offenders who need to be separated from society and those who can eb safely and better managed in the community o Preparing offenders for release into the community and assisting them in their reintegration into society o Providing the programs and support that offenders need to get their life back on track - whether within the penitentiary or under supervision in community Canadian correctional Fac
More Less

Related notes for CRM1300

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit