WHO IS SIGMUND FREUD?? (1856-1939)▯
- The case of Anna O. 21 yr old patient. nursed sick father. developed very bad cough, but no
basis for it. developed speech difﬁculties, and became mute after awhile. and when she did
speak again it was in english rather than her german tongue. lost feeling in feet and hands
and had spasms and hallucinations after father died. Talked about painful memories of her
past. More she talked about them, later many of her symptoms would disappear. She would
recall emotional events that gave meaning to her symptoms. There was a time when she
refused to drink any liquids at all. She recalled seeing a woman drink out of a glass a dog had
once drunk out of. Once she experienced the “disgust”, it allowed her to move forward.
other behaviour that there is no underlying cause to make sense of it. elops spasms or any
- Adopted idea of the ‘unconscious’. ▯
LEVELS OF CONSCIOUSNESS▯
- Current Awareness
- Preco- Not aware of material but it’s retrievable via ordinary retrieval
- Not aware of material and it’s not retrievable via ordinary retrieval▯
KEY ASSUMPTIONS OF PSYCHOANALYTICAL THEORY
- What is psychic determinism?
- Everything we think, say, feel or do is an expression of our mind.▯
▯HAT IS A FREUDIAN SLIP?
HOW CAN WE REVEAL THE CONTENTS OF THE UNCONSCIOUS?
- Free Association
- Transference (transfers feelings from their own life onto their therapist)
- Projective techniques (inkblot test) ▯
▯HY DO HUMANS HAVE AN UNCONSCIOUS?▯
- Helps to restrain expression of all drives▯
- Surplus energy results in anxiety▯
- What are defence mechanisms?▯
- 9 types:▯ ▯
• Denial: A man hears wife has been killed, refuses to believe it. So each night he sets the
dinner table for her. Not accepting what is true.▯
• Displacement: Individual re-directs thei