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Criminology (2,472)
CRM1300 (408)
Lecture

Chapter 11 Lecture .doc

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM1300
Professor
Carolyn Gordon
Semester
Fall

Description
Prison • Which country has the highest rate of incarceration? United States • Name two countries that have very low rates of incarceration? Norway, Finland, Denmark,  Sweden, japan, India • Why were prisons originally called penitentiaries? • Penit means expressing sorrow or remorse • Precursors to prisons • Shift from the punishment of the mind to the mind. Deprivation of liberty • Laws forbidding the imprisonment of anyone not convicted of crime. Pennsylvania Quakers • The age of enlightenment. Classical theory  1600’s­1700’s. Criminal was seen as someone  who had reason and free will. Two names­ Bentham and bacaria­ They believed prisons  should be used, but reforms had to be made. Capital punishment should be abolished but  the punishment has to be proportionate to the crime. • Reformers: John Howard­ focuses on helping men come back into society, Elizabeth Fry­  focuses helping women • John Howard published a book about the deception of prison, everything about prison. He  believed that in the current condition that they were, they were breeding grounds for  disease and crime. He thought we needed to keep prisons, but we needed to segregate  people within the system. He was a very firm believer in work ethic and he thought they  should be provided with work instead of sitting around doing nothing except listening to the  devil. 
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