The Courts and Criminal Trial Procedures
• What are the most frequently heard offences in court?
• Impaired driving (11%)
• Common assault (11%)
• Theft (10%)
• Breach of probation (7%)
• Age group?
• 1824 yrs.
• Trial by Ordeal
• Society was based on the supernatural or religion
• Carry a very hot rod iron and walk a certain distance on burning coals, which was
determined by the seriousness of defense
• 3 Days later, the bandages would come off, and if they wounds were starting to heal, God
had helped, so they were innocent. If the wounds were not getting better, then the
individual was guilty.
• Trail by Water
• Tie up their wrists and feet and drop them into a body of water
• God would not let an innocent person
• If the person sunk to the bottom, then they were innocent
• If they rose back up then they were guilty
• Trial by battle
• Reserved for solving legal disputes for people with money
• Two people would come together and fight, who wins has God on their side and they were
• Rich people would usually hire champion fighters to fight their battles for them
• Criminal Courts
• What 2 fundamental decisions need to be made?
• Determine guilt or innocence
• Assign punishment upon conviction
• 3 Functions:
• Due processensuring a fair trial for all, inform the individuals of their rights, impartial
decisions are made and making sure that all procedural rules have been followed
• Crime Control Trying to keep criminals off of the streets, ensure that society is protected
• Bureaucratic Function “Burden of the court” Everything is happening in a speedy fashion,
focuses on day to day operations of the courts • Burden of court occurs when an individual decides that they want to self represent
• What should we do with individuals who commit crimes such as a result of a drug
• Specialized courts: Drug Treatment Courts
• Main goal is to eliminate drug use and related criminal activities
• Based on the idea that CJ can be therapeutic rather then just punitive
• Offenders serve sentence in community under the supervision of the courts
• Introduced in the US in Florida in 1989
• Dramatically reduced the number