Class Notes (836,661)
Canada (509,870)
Criminology (2,472)
CRM1300 (408)
Sam Alvaro (78)

8. What Do Courts Do?.docx

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Sam Alvaro

November 21 2011What do the Courts DoResponsible for determining the guilt or innocence of accused and with imposing an appropriate sentence upon the convictedProtection of rights of the individual and societyMonitoring of other CJ police and correction agenciesCourt SystemProof to Trial o Probable causeProof to Convict o Beyond a reasonable doubt Participants o Defendant crown prosecutor defense counsel judge jury victim witnessProcedures o Governed by law tradition ad judicial authority The PleaGuilty o 90 of defendants plead guilty o Plea bargains are not necessarily accepted o Guilty plea must be free and voluntaryo Maybe sentenced or remanded Not Guilty o Trail date set o Type f court depends on seriousness of offenseo Some offenses may be tried immediately before a provincially appointed judgeJury TrialLimited to offenses with maximum sentence of 5 years or moreUsually at the request of the defendant but may be ordered by the judgeAppealsConvicted o May appeal verdict or sentence or criminal responsibility Prosecution may also appeal o May apply for release while under appeal Appeal Court o May order new trial or overturn conviction o May also overturn an acquittal and convict Summary Conviction Appeals o Are usually heard in superior courtsSupreme Court
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