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class 1 - Introduction to Theory .docx

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Carolyn Gordon

Class 1 Introduction to TheoryFalse BeliefsCrime is increasingStrangers victimize most peopleOlder people are more likely to be victimized Actually 1824Poor people are much more likely to commit crime than middleclass people Violent crime is more prevalent than property crime Violent crime inflicts the most harm on people in societyDifferent Types of Knowledge Direct Experiencesomething as simple as touching something hot and being burnt perhaps we learn that surrounding ourselves with individuals who commit crime enables us to have a higher chance to commit crime Ex good fish good crops no fish no cropsAuthoritywe are to turn to them to receive this wisdom couple raising a difficult child goes to a child psychologist etc Family counsellor etc Ex telling everyone why to do this and that they mustHigher Powerfew have direct contact with God but still believe non the less Many explanations come from the supernatural and theological explanationfor some people Ex receiving the gift from the Gods of harvestTheorySciencepeople resist to this type the most science is a logical system that basis knowledge on direct systematic information Ex The fish nourished the seed and soilScenario imagine you are a volunteer with a background in biology You are in Latin America teaching them to grow more food You observe the farmers carefully planting the seeds and carefully placing a dead fish over the seed when you ask why they respond by saying the fish is a gift to the Gods because it has always brought healthy plants When in reality you understand that from biology that the fish acts as a form of fertilizerDo We Use Theory In Everyday Life Dating someone for 6 months out of the blue receive a text that they are breaking up with you First thing you do is reason Why did they do it Are they cheatingare you not good enough Are they getting back together with their ex By doing this you are theorizing Studying for an exam you get a D on the final when you thought you would have an A you theorize as to why you received this grade
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