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Class 7b - Biological Positivism.docx

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Carolyn Gordon

BIOLOGICAL POSITIVISMColdblooded killer no remorse no empathy sociopath no feeling for victim etc Biological Positivism Criminals are biologically different than noncriminals The individual is biologically inferior their makeup and genes make them different from noncriminals due to this and their pathologies can be identified and measured with scientific methodWhat is PhrenologyThis was one of the earliest explanations of crime and was created by Gall First attempt to measure a skull shape and determine character Specific areas of our brain determine traits and control of emotions The more certain areas are used in the brain the larger it would become This would result in the pushing on the skull causing a bump The more you workout at the gym on certain muscles the larger that muscle will be Technically they read the bumps run palms and fingers of the skull and if they find a bump it meant that area was used the most and from there it would be determined Friendliness firmness secretiveness etc there were 2630 different areas or facilities Identified 2635 special faculties of the brain Faculty Crime DestructivenessMurder Secretiveness Treason or Fraud CombativenessAssault or Murder AcquisitivenessTheft or Robbery 3 Regions of the BrainIntellectual facultiesMoral sentiments Lower function o Most concerned with This one was associated with criminal behaviour this section could be kept in check by the other two regions Similar to ID ego and superego Cesare Lombroso18351909Provided medical services in army and prisonCompared physical characteristics of individualsHeavily influenced by Darwins theory of evolution Italian physician and surgeon he emphasized the importance of studying the scientific method Provided medical service to soldiers he used these soldiers and measured physical differences between them Concluded individuals with tattoos were more likely to engage in criminal activity He had access to prisons and studied inmates and people
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