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oct 11.docx

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM2300
Professor
Valerie Steeves
Semester
Fall

Description
CRM 2300A Oct. 11 Role of Criminal Trial 1. Adversarial vs. Inquisitorial System 2. Plea bargaining  Criminal Liability 1. Introduction a. Actus Reas b. Mens Rea Role of Crim. Trial 1. Common Law (Adversarial System) ­ Cases as they arise  ­ Focused on individual  ­ A concern for liberty ­ Role of CJS is to protect individual rights (democratic relationship)  ­ Assumes individuals accused is rationally self­motivated like everyone else  o Rational self­interest that means each individual is going to be motivated  to investigate and find facts  o Bring in accused and witnesses to tell their side of story  o Let individuals compete in the marketplace of ideas  o Best way to get truth is have Crown Attorney and Defense Counsel each  do own investigation – one for each side  o Crown investigates evidence supporting state’s case  o Defense investigates evidence supporting accused case  o Have them come before a judge, have them present sides of story as  adversaries in order to get the truth  ­ Viva voce evidence – live talking  o Talk it out with each story  o Trying to protect liberty o Only want to admit relevant evidence  ­ Presumption of innocence until proven guilty  o Burden of proof is on the Crown/state  ­ Airs on the side of liberty o Takes position that it’s better to let 9 guilty people go without punishing  them, then convict one innocent person  Civil Code (Inquisitorial System) ­ Think of rules that will apply to everything  o A priori Code ­ As problems arise, apply same rules over and over again ­ More interested in order and protecting state authority   ­ Roles of CJS is to find facts and establish the truth  ­ Trial judge (TJ) is the investigator – tells police and prosecutor what to do  o Looking for documentary evi
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