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Lecture

CRM 2300

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM2300
Professor
All Professors
Semester
Fall

Description
CRM2300CommonlawisamessyepisodicandexperimentalefforttorespondandadopttothecontingentdemandsthatthesocietybringsforwarddiverseanduncoordinatedattemptstoadapttochangingconditionsandshiftingdemandsuntidyexerciseinhumanjudgementthatseekstomakethebestofabadjobithasacertainexperimentalcatchascatchcanandanythingmightgosenseaboutitRatherthanseethecommonlawasafixedbodyofrulesandregulationsitispreferabletoseeitasalivingtraditionofdisputeresolutionBecauselawisasocialpracticeandsocietyisinaconstantstateofagitatedmovementlawisalwaysanorganicpracticethatisneverthecompleteorfinishedarticleitisalwayssituatedinsideandwithinnotoutsideandbeyondthesocietyinwhichitarisesBooksCriminalCodeGoldAlanCRM2300AcoursepackRytecMidterm1Feb15Midterm2March20HistoryoftheCommonLawNapoleonicCodeCivilCodeaprioricomeupwiththerulesbeforeitlooksatproblemsCivilcodewasmadethiswaytheysatdownandmaderulesforanypossibleproblemslawstobeappliedineverysituationCivilLawopposedtocommonlawaCommonLawDefinedCommonLawonlymakerulesupwhentheproblemhappenswaitfordisputejudgedecidesappropriateoutcomewantstoapplysimilarrulesinsimilarcasesfairnesscertaintyDefinitionsofcrimesandexcusesaredevelopedovertimebyjudgesinindividualcasesHogues5FeaturesofCommonLaw1Bodyofgeneralrules2Prescribesocialconductcomeupwithlawsthoushallnot3Rulesaredevelopedbythecourtsinactualcases4Casesconductedaccordingtodefinedsetofproceduralrulesdueprocess5RulestoandforareenforcedbythecourtsthemselvesnotKingsPMetcWeberStatesauthorityrestsonitsmonopolyovertheuseofforcetheauthorityfigureistheonlyonethatisallowedtouseviolenceitisamonopolybecausenobodyelseisallowedtouseviolenceusurpedtooneauthorityegpolicecanusedeadlyforceincertaincircumstancesbutnooneelsecanthepeoplebeinggovernedhavetoaccepttheauthorityoracquiesceacceptitreluctantlybutwithoutresistancetoitiftheonlytoolisforcepeoplestopobeyingthestateisonlyobeyedbecausetheyuseforceviolenceinorderfortheviolencetobeacceptedasauthorityitmustbelegitimized1066NormanConquestNormansconquerEnglandandusurpauthoritymonopolyKingsendsoutitinerantjudgesjudgesthattravelfromplacetoplaceresolvingdisputeshistoricallythecriminaljusticesystemthatevolvesoutofthecommonlawsystemisoneofthemostpowerfulritualsthatwehavegottenfromthepastthattakesthisuseofviolenceagainstusandmakesitlegitimateauthorityLegitimacyassertcontroloverterritoryVastbodyofjudicialdecisionscertaintyisneededsopeoplecanrelyontherulestodevelopthiscertaintydoctrineofprecedencedoctrineofprecedencejudgesmustlookbackatpastdisputestomakedecisionsincurrentfuturedecisionsStareDecisisstateslowercourtsareboundbythedecisionofhighercourtsProvincialProvincialSupremeCourtProvincialCourtofAppealSCCbAuthorityMonopolyoveruseoffavacPrecedenceStareDecisisdLiberalism5SourcesofCommonLawaStatutesCriminalCourtofCanadaCDSAYouthJusticeActbCaseLawLiberalismthethinkingofthedayinEnglandwasthepoliticalphilosophyofLiberalismthisshapedthedevelopmentofcommonlawLiberalAssumptionsEmbeddedintheCJS1Societyisanaggregateunitedofindividualsbeforeitwasbelievedtobemadeupoftribesfamiliesthelawisactingasifeveryoneisequalnoteveryoneisactuallyequal2Theseindividualsarerationalegweighcostbenefitsoftheiractionsincourtwemustassumepeoplearerationalpeopleonlyactwhenthebenefitsoutweighthecosts3Individualsagreetoobeythelawtoprotecttheirfreedomfromtransgressorsthisisouragreementtogivemonopolyofviolencetothestatefromaliberalperspectiveitisrationaltodothis4Roleofthelawistomaximizeindividualfreedomegitisrationaltogivepolicetherighttouseforceifitmeanstheycantakemorebadpeopleoffthestreetslawsmaximizethetransgressorsfreedom5Whenthelawpunishestransgressorsittakesawaythetransgressorsfreedomthisisdonebytakingawaytheirfreedomortheirproperty6SinceindividualfreedomissoimportantthestateshouldonlypunishpeoplewhomakearationaldecisiontotransgressblameworthinesstoseeifthedefendantmadearationaldecisiontoactthatcourtfollowedfairrulesdueprocesspolicemustbringtheperpetratortothecourtswhosjobitistodecideifuseofforceshouldbeappliedyoushouldonlypunishwhenwecanprovetheydiditrationallyWegiveupourabilitytouseforceorviolencetothestate2SourcesofCommonLawBritishusedcommonlawwhiletheFrenchhadthecivilcodedidnotuseprecedenceBritishconqueredFrancedecisionwasmadethatanythingthatdealtwithfederalmeasurescriminallawwasdealtwithusingcommonlawotherwiseitwasdealtwithcivillyBritishNorthAmericaAct1867renamedConstitutionAct1982CriminalCodeofCanada1892mainlegislationthatdefinescrimessetsoutproceduresanddealspunishmentsjudgesstillfreetoformnewlawsasnewcasescameupbeforethemSourcesofLaw1StatutesofParliamentalthoughthelawsarepassedbyparliamenttheyareinterpretedbyjudges2Judgemadelaw1955nomorejudgemadelawexceptcontemptofcourteg
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