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CRM2305 (97)
Lecture 8

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM2305
Professor
Carolyn Gordon
Semester
Fall

Description
• Police and Minorities  • Diversity in Canada • 13% Canadians are a visible minority • Toronto­ most diverse­ 37% visible minority • By 2­31, Toronto will have 63% VM and 59% in Vancouver • 4% of Canadians are aboriginal people • 1 in 5 prisoners in federal prison is aboriginal • In many provincial jurisdiction, up to 90% of prisoners are aboriginal  • The relationship between police and the aboriginal community? • High rate of aboriginal arrests in some areas: discrimination? • “Starlight tours” in Saskatchewan • What are the implications of this diversity for police work? • Defining Racial Profiling • Racial profiling: police targeting of members of a particular racial group, on the basis of the  supposed criminal propensity of the entire groups  • “Profiling involves separating a subsection of the population from the larger whole on the  basis on specific criteria that purportedly correlates to risk and subjecting the subgroup to  special scrutiny for the purpose of preventing violence, crime, or some other undesirable  activity” • Two police practices associated with racial profiling: • Pretext policing: police stops or searches for minor reason that are used for more intrusive  intervention • Overpolicing: a disproportionate police focus on a racializaed population or community • Increase the contact between police and the minority groups • Leads to distrust of the police • Foster a belief among officers that a particular group is prone to criminality • Minority perception of police • Mandy visible minority perceive that they are treated differently by the police • Recent research conducted in Toronto: to explore police stop and search
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