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Canada (510,273)
Criminology (2,472)
CRM2307 (108)
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Week 9.docx

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM2307
Professor
Christine Bruckert
Semester
Fall

Description
Week 9 - Sex Work The difficulty of drawing ONE picture • Most studies are about "captive populations" o Dont know any sex workers so you go to the service providers, etc. Skewed samples. Not representative. Hard to get representative samples because alot of people keep it hidden. • Available data is hard to generalize o Diversity of work places and working conditions  Phone sex  Brothels  Porn  Escorts  Street based, etc o Many socio-demographic profiles  Men, women,straight, gay, couples, sex, companionship, etc  Come from different classes o Reasons evoked for having done sex work o The organization of labour o Criminalization What we know about sex workers? • Adult women, men, transgendered • All age groups • Civil status and familial responsibilities • Varied education • Different types of alcohol and drug use • Public service users • Use condoms at work • Main reason for doing sex work: money • Money not taxable • People choose sector based on own needs, skills, want to work for themselves or for others, etc • Street seen as the lowest but gives them flexible hours, choose when they work Skills and competencies • Technical skills • Interpersonal skills • Physical competencies • Personal competencies • Business skills • "coping" skills • If you are doing fetishes you need to know the script and what you are doing History • Before industrial revolution is was not a problem o Part of working class community • Became social problem at the turn of the century o Scared of masturbation o Moral entrepreneurs (claims makers)  Religious based  First wave feminists o Social purified movement  "fallen women" - had sex o White slave trade  Not much evidence that it happened  Young woman would take chocolates and fall into a sleep (drugged) and wake up somewhere else  Need to protect women o Solution: o Save 'innocent' women o Harsher penalties for culpable women and procurers (those who refused to be saved) o Young women couldnt be out on the streets after 10pm o Fallen women were put into training homes for 5 years to be domestic • 1980s o Community groups (principle claims makers)  Wanted to get the sex workers out to raise the value of their community  Push for the police to do something  "not in my backyard"  Police not claims makers at this point o Question of rights of the 'community' o Solution: o Increasing sanctions o Increased policing o Deterrence measures o Changed the roads so you cant circle (clients) The discursive context: competing frames of reference Sex work as violence -violence as inherent -sex work as an institution is harmful to society -gendered: women prostitutes, men clients -cant consent to do sex work so its rape -radical feminist Vs. Sex work is immoral -damaging society -religous argument Vs. Sex work as nuisance -community is the victim -community groups Vs. Sex work as work -violence as contextual -how sex workers see it Legal Context: history In canada the exchange of sexual services for compensation has never been illegal. 1839- 1892 -common prostitute - a gendered status offence -women -"known" sex worker : being in public was the crime 1865 -The Contagious Disease Act -a prostitute with syphilis or goneria could be contained for 3 months -didnt want it to effect the soldiers 1892-1972 -Vagrancy C 1970 -Challenge to soliciting law 1972 -'Soliciting Law' -if sex worker was on the street but not offensively or persistedly, couldnt be charged 1978 -Supreme Court - Hutt 1985 - Communication Law -illegal to communicate in public for the purpose of prostitution Current Laws Section 212 -procurring someone to be a sex worker or living off ano
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