• Long time VAW activist
• Former Young Woman at Risk Program Coordinator
• Sexual Assault Support Centre of Ottawa (SASC)
*will be on the exam
-the women she works with are usually 16-24 and usually are characterized as women who are
criminalized or marginalized
-sexual violence globally is used as a way to control a nation, interpersonally to control women
-we have an idea of who idealized victims
• Largest group of sexual assault victims is are inmates (between 80-95% have
-not a lot of theorists, support workers etc.
-"policing unfounding of sexual violence"
-only 10% of sexual violence is reported
• Why is it that low?
• Why don't more women report sexual assault?
-immediately puts the onus on the women
-doesn't acknowledge that maybe women are reporting and most of them are being sent
home by the police
-never saw a conviction or a charge in those 4 years in her work
• She's seen some charges but still not a conviction
• So what's happening?
-took her 10 years to get stats on from the police
-90% of women aren't part of the equation because they don't report
-of the women who report 80% are sent home with no charges laid
-20% have charges laid
-half of those (10%) , a crown "stays the charges", pleas a deal
-of the other half that go to court, only half of those get a conviction
-1/200 may result in a conviction (not even necessarily jail time)
• Why is the discussion on tightening laws instead of the 90% who don't even report
-who has access to justice?
• It's access to the legal system they're talking about
-the legal system is just a sterile tool that may or may not result in justice, justice is about
• Shift to access to the legal system
-a lot of the time this means money - lawyers etc. which comes to discussions about legal
-but is access always equal if we all have money?
-"there may be a crowbar at the door"
-four things to have access: 1. Have to know that a crime has been committed
• Huge amount of sexual assault occurs in spaces where they don't know if it's legal or
• Ex. A violent relationship- this is reported to the police, this person is convicted for
domestic violence. Then she goes to counselling and they try to figure out what kinds of
abuse she experienced; once she comes to the sexual assault section she realizes that
her boyfriend did these things but didn't realize it was a crime
• Ex. Grooming is what a