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CRM2307 (108)
Lecture

September 26th CRM 2307.docx

5 Pages
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Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM2307
Professor
Christine Bruckert

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September 26 CRM 2307 - Individual: o Sick people psychologically - Biological: o Idea that rape is due to the biological need for men to procreate and spread their seed through society o That men have such a strong sex drive that it drives them to rape o Some people may say that if men are driven to rape by their sex drive, then it is up to women to dress modestly to prevent exciting their sex drive - Sociocultural: o Rape is a societal problem, not an individual issue Rape prone societies: - Sexuality understood in terms of men overcoming female resistance - Sex as a rite of passage for men - Patriarchy - Warfare Rape Free Societies: - Women’s autonomy and ownership of body - High respect for reproductive capabilities - Relation to nature is one of respect not exploitation/ domination - No different vale assigned sex specific tasks female or make and female deity - In a rape free society you would not find women working the lowest paid jobs, we would be being paid the same - We have a subcultural of violence within our society – videogames, hockey, - Unequal distribution of capital Feminist Point of departure: Challenge biological and psychological explanations: Rape is: - Violence (not sex) - A cultural artifact - A social problem Rape is about Power not sex Mobilize: public education and targeted sensitization law and criminal justice reform grass roots support Public education and Sensitization: Stereotypes: - Women ask for it - By a stranger - That it always happens in a dark alley - That its always men sexually women – really it can be all other ways - Its related to alcohol and substances - Going to happen by someone looking creepy - Going to be someone who is working class, or poor - Young women - Women say no but they really mean yes - Offenders cant help them selves - Idea that you cant rape your wife - She could have stopped it from happening - The idea that women are devious and lie to harm men General: Victims: Offenders: Consider the myths used in relation to rape (re offence, offender and victim) – Where can we locate them within socially constructed gender?; gender relations? Sexuality? Some effects of sexual Assault Immediate effects often includes: - Denial - Disassociation - Self-blame - Not reporting event - Anger Long term effects include: - Rape trauma syndrome - First feeling frequently feeling dirty, humiliation - Diminished self-worth, lack of confidence; heightened fear - Changes in personality and activities - Flashbacks - Problems around sexuality Social Effects include - Lose partners - Changes in relations with family, lovers, friends - Stigma - Change jobs, ones etc. - some rapes are never reported to the police and or anyone Rape/ sexual assault laws Before 1983 Rape: A male person commits rape when he forces a woman who is not his wife to have sexual intercourse 1983 Sexual Assault 1) Sexual assault (summary or indictable conviction up to 10 years) (CC 271) 2) Sexual assault with a weapon (up to 14 years) (CC 272) 3) Aggravated sexual assault (up to life) (CC 273) + Rape Shield Law: (introduced in 1982, revised in 1992. Upheld by Supreme Court in 2000) Significance of Sexual Assault Laws: 1) Image of women 2) Language 3) Husbands access 4) Gender neutral 5) Concept of consent tightened 6) Corroboration Significance of Rape Shield Law: Relevance of sexual history - In 1982 women’s sexual history is never re
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