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CRM2307 _ Lecture September 19th.docx

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University of Ottawa
Christine Bruckert

CRM2307 – Lecture September 19 , 2012 th Women’s socio- economic location - women have less of a pention, less likely to have a union, much more likely to live in pverty - 19% (one in five) live in poverty - 70% of women are in teaching, health, clerical, sales and service - precarious non standard work - Political: 24.6% of federal politicians, rated 44 in the world Resistance: - Definition: The tactics, strategies and practices persons employ to assert agency and contest the conditions and or implications of their position - Theoretical Roots: Foucalts power as a relationally – realized negotiated dynamic - Study of: Peoples struggles to further their interests and exercise agency within the context of the oppression and lack of choice that characterizes their situation - Resistance can take many forms: it can be individual or collective - Individual: trying to resist something in your own interests o Back in the 1940’s women started to protest law school, one women challenged the rule, she got into law school – INDIVIDUAL she opened the door for others o Conditioned the resources at her disposal - Passive: Is not about doing something, its about not doing something, ex. Women taking away sex - Collective: like a feminist movement - Many times all of these will intersect with others ex. A collective passive movement - Can be everyday acts of resistance ex, not shaving your legs, sometimes nobody may even know its resistance except for you Axis of Resistance: - Individual/ collective - Passive/ violent - Everyday/ exceptional Limits of Resistance: - Not all acts resistance (intent, meaning, subjectivity) - Capacity to resist shaped by gender however not all women are equally positioned - It depends on the subjectivity surrounding a situation which can make it resistance ex. Not shaving your legs to prove a point, or because you just don’t care – SUBJECTIVITY Appreciate that: 1) Violence that not just interpersonal - Violence can be by the state, through medical, through employers 2) Violence is determined by factors other then just gender - Violence against women is not just by men, it can be through the system and many other avenues Intersections and Layers - Intersectionality: how diverse biological, social and cultural categories including gender, race, class, ability, sexual orientation and other axes interact and contribute to systematic social inequality - Oppressions within society: such as racism, sexism, homophobia and religion o Do not act independently of one another. These forms of oppression are mutually constitutive - Intersecting oppressions create and maintain systems of privilege and disadvantage that play out at the macro and micro levels Privilege the invisible Knapsack As a white person … - I can do well in a challenging situation without being called a credit to my race - If a traffic cop pulls me over or if my tax return is audited, I can be sure I haven’t been
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