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Criminology (2,472)
CRM2307 (108)
Lecture

Class 6. Labour Site violence.docx

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM2307
Professor
Christine Bruckert
Semester
Fall

Description
Labour Site Violence: Like interpersonal violence labour force violence 1) May be gendered 2) Are conditioned by an individuals social location 3) Reinforces social position 4) Is linked to relations of power 5) Can take multiple forms Allows us to extend discussion beyond strict gender analysis and integrate other social stratifications - People are more likely to die at work - Some jobs are more dangerous than others o Taxi driver o Fisherman o Construction o Mining o Forestry Thinking about Violence and Work Two ways we can discuss - Endangerment / Neglect (Corporate) o Short cuts made by corporation, corporate greed leads to injuries and endangerment  Toxins  Labour conditions  Physical demands  Lack of protective equipment - Acts of aggression by predators (Criminal intent) - Acts of aggression / Harassment by clients (situational) - Acts of aggression/harassment by co-workers or supervisors i.e. Bullying, sexual harassment Other workplace Violence: - Predator or criminal intent - Situational violence - Violence not by employers, but by customers or suedo customers 2007 Statistics Canada Report: “nearly on-fifth of all incidents of violent victimization, including physical and sexual assault, robbery, occurred in the victims workplace” Predatory and / or criminal intent violence at work Where the perpetrator has no relationship to the victim but the killing is either secondary to another crime (e.g. robbery) and / or the victim is perceived to be a ‘convenient’ target Note; - Premeditated - Sometimes the victim is targeted because they are the representative member of a despised group Particularly at risk: - Taxi drivers - Sex workers - Night clerks People who work irregular hours are typically at a greater chance of being assaulted Situational violence at work: Situational violence occurs when a dispute arises during the course of a transaction or interaction between a client/customer and worker and the client/customer becomes violent or resorts to violence Note: not premeditated Particularly at risk: - Nurses - Social workers - Bar employees 33 % - 16% - 11%- Nurses: Gendered situational violence - 94 % of nurses are women - In 2005, 34% of Canadian nurses providing direct care in hospitals or long- term care facilities reported physical assault by a patient in the previous year” (Shields and Wilkins, 2009:7) - A patient does not go to the hospital in order to assault a nurse, but they do suffer a great deal of violence from patients o They are dealing with people who are not mentally stable o Substance abusers o People distraught with pain o People are angry with nurses o Nurses are also assaulted by patients families (one third of experienced assaults) o Can be verbal, physical, threats o 70 % of the cases are never reported  Many feel that nothing will be done  Discouraged by supervisors to report  NO evidence of physical violence Nurses and Situational and Predatory Violence - Situational and predatory violence o Nurses are supposed to work harder, are placed in bad or more dangerous situations - Making sense - Challenges - Under reporting - Solutions Lateral/Horizontal and Vertical violence “Workplace harassment” - Engaging in a course of vexatious comment or conduct against a worker in a workplace that is known or ought reasonably to be known to be unwelcome “Workplace violence” means: a) The exercise of physical force by a person against a worker, in a workplace, that causes or could cause physical injury to the worker, (b) an attempt to exercise physical force against a worker in a workplace, that could cause physical injury to the worker, (c) a statement or behaviour that is reasonable for a worker to interpret as a threat to exercise physical force against the worker, in a workplace, that could cause physical injury to the worker. Bullying: - A consistent pattern of behaviour designed to control, diminish or devalue a peer (or group) which creates a risk t health or safety” (Farrell, 2005). Some specific examples are: Over. Name calling, bickering, fault finding, criticism, intimidation, gossip, shouting, blaming, put-downs, raised eye brows - Covert: unfair assignments, refusing to help someone, ignoring, making faces behind someone’s back, refusing to only work with certain people – or not work with others, whining, sabotage, exclusion, fabrication Prevalence: form 46-100% (year) Roche study: One third of nurses perceived emotional abuse furring their last five shifts worker - Disruptive behaviour happened weekly, some said monthly “Nurses eat their young” - Nurse vs. Nurse - Nurses with less experience get picked on White Coat, Black Art CBC Video Clip - Man bullied all through grade 5 - Went into medicine to be surrounded by caring people – feels he made a mistake in that choice due to how nurses treat each other “Nurses eat their young” - Nurse quit after 5 years of graduating, had a nurse blame her for a patients death, said
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