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Criminology (2,415)
CRM2309 (57)

Guest Speaker.docx

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University of Ottawa
Erin Mc Cuaig

Guest Speaker ­  HIV Health in Prison • AIDS Committee of Ottawa o Offer structural programming for women incarcerated at the ottawa carleton detention centtre o One on one support to PHA's (people living with HIV/AIDS) through professional visits o Accept collect calls frm people living with HIV in prisons o Advocacy and support for PHA's during incarceration and after discharge • Every inmate has to have access to essential health care • reasonable access to non essential health care that helps with rehabiliatation and successful reintergratin into the commmunity • Registered nurses. If you need a specialist you have a right to access them. • Who is seeking help? o 30 times more likely to have Hep C o 10 times more likely to have HIV o Twice as likely to have mental disorder • Risk factors o Drug use - continue while in prison o High risk sexual practices in the community -continues in prison • HIV transmission in Prison o More women charged involving drugs crimes than men o 38% of people report doing drugs in prison o 6% report having sex in prison  Not educated about HIV transmission  Condoms but not get in trouble if you ask for one o 45% report getting tattoo in prison  Tried safe tattooing but cut in 2006 • Criminalization of HIV o Recent supreme court ruling on HIV non-disclosure  Resonable risk of transmission • If you have HIV and you dont disclose this to someone who you sleep with you get in trouble  Low viral load & use of a condom • Cant be criminalized if you do these things even if you dont tell them • Low viral load = amount of HIV in your blood is so low they cant detect it on a test, you are still positive and you can still transmit  Major setback for HIV prevention efforts • Some people cant use condoms or dont have a low viral load • Doesnt protect overall population for HIV • Creates fear of HIV in community and spreads misinformation • More HIV people are likely to get criminalized even though there was low risk in what they were doing  Social issues of HIV ignored • High rates of stigma • Can be charged with sexual assault if you dont tell them you have HIV • Women have trouble neogotiating condom use when they are in abusive relationships o Certain people are more likely to get HIV and those are the people that are criminalized and sent to jail, why the rate in prison is so high  People tr
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