Class Notes (835,730)
Canada (509,354)
Criminology (2,472)
CRM2310 (78)

Unit 2: Cultivating "Community" in Urban Spaces

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Kate Fletcher

CRM 2310 Lecture Notes – Unit 2: Cultivating “Community” in Urban Spaces Wednesday January 15 2014 Cultivating "Community" in Urban Spaces • You're faced with lot of different people with different values and ideas Why Community...Really? • Alternative motivation? • Result of "overburdened state" ---> loss of confidence in the state's ability to do things for us (eg. Protect us from victimization, protect us in our old age, help us when were sick, etc) • It has too many roles and responsibilities for everyone so it cannot fulfill them all • Re-legitimizing state-public relationship through community • The state may want to take a step back and force people to start looking after themselves • Can be problematic when the community is poor or extremely marginalized Shift in responsibility ("responsibilization") • Communities have the responsibility to deal with their problems on their shoulders • Implication of citizens = wider social control • Looking after ourselves and our communities in a variety of ways (eg. Buying new locks, • getting security systems installed, other safety measures) You become blameworthy if you do not take care of yourself properly (victim blaming) • The alternative motivation for an emphasis on community intervention might be because it • allows communities to be responsibilized when it comes to protecting themselves "The community, thereby, has been appropriated to fill the vacuum left by the redrawing of • government responsibility for areas of crime control and deployed as the central motif around which the public are to be mobilized to participate in crime prevention" Contemporary Community • Commodity • The community is something that can be bought and sold • See them as commodities when there are certain images/feelings associated with that place that people want to consume Eg. Las Vegas ("what happens in Vegas stays in Vegas" - therefore you can get away with a • lot, can engage in behaviours that you otherwise would not do), Niagara Falls, New Orleans (Mardi Gras, the French quarter) • The residents of these communities may not think that the commodities that draw people to these areas may not be representative of the communities as a whole • Niche of consumption Go to these places in order to consume goods and services that are available there • These neighbourhoods are defined by the goods and services available for consumption • Organized around the stuff you can buy there • • In these communities, people must be able to spend money in order to not be excluded • May start to become criminalized simply for being poor • Would fall under community liberated/transformed • We've conceptualizer community as something that isn't necessarily wholly located in geographic proximity • Santana Row (San Jose) • Luxury shopping, fine dining, entertainment, but also residences • Didn't develop over time - conscious urban planning • Public spaces are increasingly planned and owned by someone who has the power to make rules and regulations • The people who lose in this situation are the impoverished, the stigmatized, marginalized, etc • Celebration USA • Walt Disney World planned community • Directly connected to Disney World • Telephone and power utilities are powered from the amusement park "Public" Space in the Contemporary City • Don't represent the public spaces that we traditionally have • Antithesis of private space ---> public spaces constructed as "unsafe" • The person who owns these spaces control how these spaces are used and who is allowed there • Certain people will not be allowed in (eg. Homeless, protesters, etc) • Security guards (private police) are used to enforce laws • Fuels our desire for the privatization of public spaces • "Safe diversity" ---> "glamour zones"/"bourgeois playgrounds" (for the middle class/upper middle class) • Public spaces are restricted in their use with an eye toward allowing people to have exotic experiences (perhaps sample other cultures) in commercialized versions of the real thing • Eg. The Paris hotel in Vegas • In order to experience these commercialized spaces, you must need money • Inauthentic • Purposely designed but made to look like they've evolved over time even though they were built in one fell swoop • Built for unplanned/spontaneous leisure activities • Designed to allow for a greater amount of surveillance over the people that are in them to ensure they are used in the right ways (to buy/consume things in an appropriate way) • Losing a sense of privacy - being monitored more closely • Can exclude people based on other reasons other than wealth - eg. Race, sexuality, nationality, etc Monday, January 20 2014 Class #4 Restricting Access to Urban Spaces • Gentrification • Urban neighbourhoods see an influx of more affluent people because they are able to afford the real estate there • They can begin to renovate, open better stores Problems: pushes out people in these communities who can actually afford to live there • (raises in cost of real estate/living pushes them out) • The community becomes commodified and certain people are priced out Can have some detrimental impacts to people who don't have money • Solutions: a certain amount of housing that is affordable, subsidized through the city • Projects of reassurance defend luxury lifestyles (in areas that have already been gentrified) • Attempting to project sanitized images to the rest of the residents of the city and defending • the luxury lifestyles that are supposed to be living in those cities To reassure people that this is a safe place where you can participate in consumption • activities without being in fear Sometimes take the form of changing the architecture of spaces (Things like "homeless • corridors" - pushing people to certain areas of the city only) Low intensity warfare on the homeless - eg. Benches that make it impossible for them to • sleep on Containment - social insulation • To contain particular groups of people to particular areas so you can socially insulate other • groups of people from these people so they can consume without fear Security through homogeneity • People want to communicate/live in proximity to similar people
More Less

Related notes for CRM2310

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.