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CRM3312 (86)
Lecture

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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM3312
Professor
Kenneth Campbell
Semester
Fall

Description
Juvenile Delinquents Act 1908­1984 con’t (JDA) • Child welfare or parens patriae (“parent of the country”) philosophy of state intervention based  on assessment of the child’s best interest o No longer part of our law today • Modeled after US juvenile court statutes Underlying principles: • Children are children, even when they break the law should be treated as children • Juvenile delinquents can be reformed though probation officers • Adults should be held criminally liable for bringing about delinquency in children • Established probation programs • Proceedings were held in camera o Not allowed to hold a youth trial • Sentences were indeterminate until age 21 • Judges had wide discretionary power  • Implementation staggered across Canada • No distinction made between neglected and delinquent youth • Paramount considerations of “best interests” • Delinquents thought to be in need of guidance and assistance o Don’t talk about being punished, they need guidance • Introduced “status offences”: conduct if undertaken by an adult would not incite legal action:  truancy, sexual behaviour, incorrigibility o Could get sent to jail for things adults wouldn’t be charged for ex: gambling JDA dispositions: • Definition: encompasses any child (under 16) who broke a law or declared in need of protection  under provincial child welfare legislation o Combined criminals and kids in need o No distinction made between offenders and abandoned or neglected children • Adjournment: letting them go • Fine (not more than 10$) • Placement in foster home • Commitment to Child Aid Society/ care of probation officer • Confinement in industrial school • 1. Youth not charged, but accused of delinquencies • 2. No pleas of guilty (or not), but admission or denial of allegation Problems with this law • Harsh treatme
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