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CRM3312 (86)
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Department
Criminology
Course
CRM3312
Professor
Kenneth Campbell
Semester
Fall

Description
Sentencing  JDA • Created a separate system for responding to youth who commit crimes • Provided guidance and assistance • Course of action – not very many • Youth sentence could be altered at any time • Welfare oriented law – broad definition of delinquency • Sentencing decisions in the “best interests” of the child • Law meant to “correct” and “treat” youth • Youth could be under jurisdiction till 21 years old • Assumption that courts act solely in the interests of the youth • Legal appeals were restricted – only if special grounds were considered o No automatic right to appeal • Sentences under the YDA did not reflect the seriousness of the offence Rehabilitation as a sentencing objective • Based on the idea that courts can identify the rehabilitative needs of youth and that successful  rehabilitative programs are available • Difficult to sentence minor offender based on rehabilitative needs • May lead to youth who have committed similar offences getting different sentences YOA • Created fundamental changes in sentencing • Sentences became “dispositions” and definitive in length (2­3 years max) • No parole or statutory release • Declaration of principle (sec 3) had a few provisions related to sentencing • Welfare considerations still relevant, as was rehabilitation • A lot more year were getting sentenced than in the past • Nature of offence should be taken into account st degree nd degree • Murder sentencing: 10 years (1 ), 7 years (2 ) • Custody could no longer be used for child welfare concerns • Following enactment of the YOA: o Sentences increased o Type of sentence was more closely linked to offence • More youth were being sentenced to shorter sentences • Number/ proportion of long sentences decreased Identifying problems with sentencing under the YOA • Canada had a high rate of imprisonment of youth when compared to other countries • Canada does not differentiate adequately between serous violent and other offences • Response of the justice sys
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