2. What is Crime?.docx

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16 Mar 2012
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CRM1300C
Sept 19/11
What is a Crime?
What do criminologists do?
- Criminology is the body of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon.
It includes… the processes of making laws, breaking laws, and of reacting to the
breaking of laws… the objective of criminology is the development of a body of
general and verified principles and other types of knowledge regarding this
process of law, crime and treatment. Sutherland and Cressey 1960.
Criminology
Studies criminal behavior
- Causes, patterns, control of
Uses methods of established social science
- Records, experiments, surveys, historical data, content analysis
Is interdisciplinary
- Sociology, criminal justice, psychology, political science,
anthropology, economic, the natural sciences
Subfields
CRIMINAL STATISTICS
- Create valid and reliable measures of crime.
SOCOLOGY OF LAW
- History of law, law reform
THEORY CONSTRUCTION
- Predicting criminal behaviour
CRIMINAL BEHAVIOUR SYSTEMS
- Determining the nature and cause of specific crime patterns
PENEOLOGY
- Correction and control of criminal behaviour
VICTIMOLOGY
- Nature and cause of victimization
*Crime is most prevalent in poverty. *
Criminal Justice System
Study involves describing, analyzing and explaining the agencies of justice
- Police
- Courts
- Corrections
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