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4. The State and Crime.docx

Course Code
CRM 1300
Sam Alvaro

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Oct 3, 2011
The State and Crime
The State Influx
- The State is an institution that claims the exclusive right to exercise force in a
given territory through the use of the police and armed forces
- Monarchy: transfers powers from generation to generation within a single family.
Earlier Monarchies were absolute. Modern ones are generally constitutional
- Democracy: generally is representative rather than fully participatory. Affluent
industrial societies tend to be democracies
- Authoritarianism: is a political sys tem that denies popular participation in
government (Korea)
- Totalitarianism: is a political system, that extensively regulates peoples lives
Vagrancy Laws: William Chambliss
England 14th Century
- Church
- Black Plague
- Crusades
Leads to Class Conflict
- The Vagrancy Laws constituted an abundance of cheap labour to England’s ruling
elite, during a period when serfdom was breaking don and the pool of labour was
- Vagrancy Laws today: moving homeless people out of cities (Olympics), loitering
Criminal Law in Canada
- British common law is major source of law in Canada
- Under BNA Act (1867) only federal government can make criminal law.
- Police of Canada Act (1868)
- Criminal Code of Canada (1892)
- Uneven development of law enforcement across Canada
Classification of Law
Summary Offences:
- Minor or petty offence (loitering)
- 6 month limitation on prosecution
- Heard in provincial court
- Maximum fine - $2000
- Maximum sentence = 6 months
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