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Lecture 2

CRM1301 Lecture 2: Demonic Perspective


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM 1301
Professor
Carolyn Gordon
Lecture
2

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CRM Lecture 3 January 18
The Demonic Perspective
1693
Time of religion and purity
The home of reverend of Samuel
Tituba the servant
Association with Titbua made the reverends daughter go weird
The reason was because they were possessed
The girls had to give them names that made them like that
- Tituba, Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne
What to do With the Witches
The three women was put on trial
Asked the same question over and over again
How were they witches and how they caused the girls to act like that
Salem Witch Trials
Exodus 22:18 Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.
They were tried and then burden
Tituba’s confession silenced those who were skeptics
As time went on demonic ideas was spreading out of Masachutes
Later more names were given as to who were witches and more were killed
Assumptions of Demonology
Look for the cause and cure of deviant Behaviour in the realm of the supernatural
An idea that the world is a battle field between the good forces and the bad
The bad would corrupt the good and influence them
The Inquisition
- They had a lot of power
- The tribunal court used by the catholic church to supress and punish the heretics
- Very religious time
- Believed in supersitions and the supernatural
Heretics: anyone who went against the church and didn’t believe them
Deviance = sinner
- All deviant acts were acts against the transgression of god
- They were labeled a witch
- Deviance has cosmic consequences:
o Harmful to victims
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o God
o The entire cosmos
Two Paths to Demonic Deviance
Temptation
- Adam and Eve, the snake tempted to Eve to eat the fruit
- She was tempted by the devil
- Individuals can be tempted and if they don’t have the will power and to stop they will
give in to the temptations
- No matter how tempting, the individual always has the power to resist
- The person has a choice to make a decision
- The person is seen as being active: they are actively making a choice
Possession
- Opposition to temptation
- Rather than having choice, the devil has taken over the person
- The mind and the body causing evil behaviour
- Once taken over the person is no longer responsible for their action
- They are seen as passive
The Trials
Accused must testify
- Refusal was proof of guilty (being a heretic)
- Not immediately informed of charges
- Anyone could testify against him/her
o Was not told who accused were
- No supporters
o No legal assistance
not a fair trail
no one wants to come forth to testify
no one gave you guidance
5 Type of Evidence to Convict
1. Trail by clever test
- they had to recite the lord’s prayer
- if they were guilty they cannot do it correctly
- people were nervous
2. Individual testimony
3. Physical marks of the devil
- Abnormalities: they were seen as the devil
- Warts, scars, blemishes
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- Seen as bitten by the devil
- Symbolic of the pact with the devil
- Inquisitors: would strip search the women, shave their heads
4. Spectral evidence
- Individual had a dream or vision that a person was a witch
- People come forwards with this
- Though that the devil couldn’t take a physical shape they had to do it through a
person
5. Confession
- Tituba confessed
- The main goal was to extract a confession of guilt
- Bring the accused back to faith
- Confession was a form of penance
- Can result in accused to be forgiven
- And that their soul was saved and they would go to heaven
- Inquisitors better educated than their subjects and trained in questioning
o They would use leading question
o Intimidate the accused
o Witches were not clever enough to answer the questions
o Try to get you to trip up
- $$ Industry $$
o A lot of money to be made
o The more names the better
o Many people who had invested interest in finding witches in society
o Confession: the use of torture
Confessional Devices
Not forms of punishment
Not for those that are already found guilty
A way to elicit a confession
The head crusher
- The inquisitor is going to ask questions
- If they don’t get the answers that they want to hear
- It would get tighter
- Teeth broken, jaw broken, even eyes pop out
Inquisitional chair
- Make with spokes of metal
- Strapped in and can’t move
- They can make the chair elicit heat
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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