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Lecture 6

CRM 1301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Petit Jury, Bloody Code, Perjury


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM 1301
Professor
Carolyn Gordon
Lecture
6

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CRM 1301
LECTURE# 6
THE KING’S COURTS
Trial by wager was replaced by trial by jury
Gradually evolved into trial by jury. (grand assize and petit assize) A jury could be put on
trial for crime of perjury. The petit jury gets judged by of jury of 24
Three different types:
Exchequer: The Exchequer of Pleas or Court of Exchequer was a court that dealt with matters of equity,
a set of legal principles based on natural law and common law in England and Wales.
court of common pleas: a common law court in the English legal system that covered "common pleas";
actions between subject and subject, which did not concern the king.
king's
bench: The name of the supreme court of law in England. It is so called because formerly the king used t
o sit there in person.
THE KING’S JUSTICE: ROYAL CASES
All ies eae agaist the Kig’s peae
Massive criminalization of previously non-criminal acts. (taking fish, underwood, animals.
Cutting trees) -
WHY??
king wants to make more money. Protects the interest of upper class who wants the materials
for potential business
What is the Bloody Code?
More crimes punishable by death. From 50-225 crimes. Having the death penalty attached to many
sentences is a deterrent.
Why so Bloody??
The 'Bloody Code' was the name given to the English legal system from the late 17th Century to
the early 19th Century. It was known as the Bloody Code because of the huge numbers of
crimes for which the death penalty could be imposed
THE KING’S JUSTICE:
A DEMONSTRATION OF POWER
Spectacle and impress
Could admit guilt by pleading to the king. Demonstrates the power of kings mercy
Protect emerging social and economic system.
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