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Lecture 15

CRM 1301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 15: Manhattan, Atavism, Quakers


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM 1301
Professor
Carolyn Gordon
Lecture
15

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Julia Quast
CRM 1301 C
March 19th, 2017
Intellectual Incompetence
*Still falls under Biological Positivism impacts of genetics, heredity and intellectual
incompetence
Charles Goring The English Convict (1913)
Goal:
- Asses Lombroso’s theory (atavism)
Research:
- Compared convicts to non-criminals
- Compared to students, soldiers
Method:
- Scientific Method
Conclusions:
- The atavist did not exist
- Argued that Lombroso was not using science, but just supporting Darwinism
Findings:
- There were no atavists (stigmata)
- Did not possess physical characteristics
- Criminals had below average intelligence feeble minded
- Intelligence of the individuals was determined by an interviewer
- Strong correlations between criminality of parents and children (heredity)
- Genetics played strong role, environment did NOT
- Not simply learned behaviours
- If parent isn’t there to influence physically, it is in the genes
Conclusions:
- Criminals are mentally defective due to genetics
Recommendations:
- Sterilization
Critique:
- Failure to measure environmental influences and factors
- Only studied male offenders
- Couldn’t explain why males were mostly conflicted with criminality
Richard Dugdale: 1874 7 Generations of The Jukes
- Genetics are responsible for criminality
- Look for similar behaviours between family members
1874 New York County Jail:
- He was a prison inspector
- 6 people there were related
- named them The Jukes
- went back thru history (lineage) for criminality
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