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Lecture 18

CRM 1301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 18: Precrime, Population Growth, Anomie


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM 1301
Professor
Carolyn Gordon
Lecture
18

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Julia Quast
CRM 1301 C
April 7th, 2017
Sociological Positivism Continued
Society is made up of institutions that are interdependent
Mechanical Solidarity:
- Small
- Homogenous
- Traditional/primitive
- Family/agriculture
- Not technologically developed
- Face to face interaction
- Differences are discouraged
- Same perspective, living conditions, goals
- Fulfill same social roles
- Easily replaceable
- Religious
- Family
Source of Solidarity:
- The collective conscience
- Working toward common goal
- A totality of beliefs and sentiment common to average citizens of the same society
- Approach to punishment is repressive
- Examples to send message to other members of community
Organic Solidarity:
- Population boom
- Heterogeneous
- People are not alike (different)
- Lots of people
- Technology
- Increasing specialization in occupations and the jobs within those occupations
- We depend on others for survival
- Mechanical = similar
- Organic = different
- Punishment is restitutive (restore)
- Pre-crime state (all kinds of law)
Rapid Social Change:
- Durkheim believed that members of western society are exposed to the risk of anomie
(society without law)
- Social/moral values/norms are confused, unclear, or not present
- We need society to regulate us
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