Class 3 - The Age of Monarchy.docx
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Class 3: Age of Monarchy
The Demonic Era
The Catholic Church
What was considered a crime?
Sinful activities, treason, anything that was seen as a threat to the
church or went against the church
Explanations of deviance?
Temptation by the devil
How were the guilty determined?
Trail by torture, clever test (reciting the Lord’s prayer and messing
up), physical marks on your body by the devil (birth mark)
Justification for punishment?
Eye for an eye, retribution
Rationale/purpose of punishment?
To cleanse the soul at the expense of the body, restoring balance,
make and example of that person, deterrence, affirm and maintain the
power and authority of the church
Nature of punishment?
Public, harsh, symbolic, inhumane
The Late Middle Ages
King Harold ruled England
Princes held absolute power within own borders
Law was localized
1066 – Battle of Hastings
William of Normandy became new ruler
The Rise of the Monarch
Society based on feudalism
William awarded main officers land and developed barren’s courts
Church was still a centralized and uniting power
Monarch needed blessing of the Church
The Emergence of the Absolute Monarchy
Monarch has the power to rule their land freely, with no laws or legally-
organized direct opposition in force
Proposed as a solution to violence of the 16th/17th century
Local autonomy taken away in exchange for peace and safety
What is the Divine Right of Kings?
Authorized by God to rule
King is only accountable to God
Sinful for subjects to resist them
Attack upon throne = heresy or treason
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