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Class 6a - The Birth of Statistics.docx

Course Code
CRM 1301
Carolyn Gordon

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The Cartographic School: Birth of Statistics
What is more prevalent: property or violent crime?
Which province has the highest violent crime rate? Lowest? Which province
has the highest property crime rate? Lowest?
Lowest: Quebec
Highest: Saskatchewan
Some Crime Stats
What is the most commonly occurring violent crime in Canada?
o Assault 1 (common assault)
What is the most commonly occurring property crime?
o Theft under $5000
Avoidance Behaviours
Lifestyle changes to reduce one’s risk of becoming a victim to crime
Defensive Behaviours
Specific anticrime measures designed to reduce one’s risk of becoming a
victim of crime (locking doors, walk in groups)
Risk Factors Associated With Victimization
Age: 15-24, younger people have more opportunities to be a victim because they
spend more time outdoor, 65+ are most fearful yet the likelihood is the least
Gender: men are more likely to be victimized, but women are more likely to
sexually assaulted level 1, but men are assaulted level 2-3
Relationship: someone you know
Marital Status: Single men and women have the highest rate of victimization
Residence Location: urban has higher rates
Residence Ownership: rent because of lower income areas and high rate of
resident turnover so you may not know who does and does not live around you, not
willing to put in security alarms, age group 15-24 this age group typically rents
rather than own a home
Income: Lower household incomes are at a higher risk of victimization ($15,000 or
Season: Summer because more people are outdoors providing more opportunities,
summer vacations leave homes vacant, out of school so higher alcohol consumptions
Why Are Statistics Relevant?
Social barometer: Crime rates are used as a social barometer to indicate a
quality of life
Indication of changes in society: Crime rate fluctuates so stats allow us to
view these changes and determine why society is changing in order to fix it
Policy implications: We can change policies to fix crime rate
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