Psychological Explanations.docx

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2 Apr 2012
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Psychological Explanations
Who Is Sigmund Freud?
Father of Psychoanalysis
The case of Anna O: mute, refused food, lost feeling in hands and feet, catatonic
states, involuntary spasms. Symptoms but no cause. Would have been diagnosed
with Hysteria, today it would be called conversion disorder. She saw Freud,
discussed all her memories and fears etc. and with this she was freed from her
fears. Release of emotions from memories because after releasing these memories
she was able to get over her fears (didn’t drink water because she saw a dog drink
out of a glass a woman had drank out of, and she was so disgusted that she didn’t
want to drink, after discussing this memory she was able to drink)
Focus of functional disorders (vs. organic):
Adopted idea of the ‘unconscious
Levels of Unconscious
Conscious:
Current awareness (your present perception, your thoughts and feelings now)
Preconscious:
Not aware of material but it’s retrievable via ordinary retrieval (can easily bring to
mind when you think about it)
Unconscious:
Not aware of material and it’s not retrievable (Includes everything not easily
accessible to us memories, trauma, things that make us feel uneasy)
Key Assumptions of Psychoanalytical Theory
What is Psychic Determinism?
Everything we think and do and feel is an expression of our subconscious, we
don’t have control over this
Nothing happens by chance or accident
What is a Freudian slip?
Freudian slip: accidentally saying something when you meant to say something
else (pay spraint, saying an exes name instead of current partner, he would say
that you have your ex on your unconscious mind)
How Can We Reveal the Contents of the Unconscious?
Free association: patient is relaxed and talks about whatever comes to mind, not
thinking about what their saying, through this association they can reconstruct
earlier events and bring them up to the conscious levels and we can shake the
unconscious power they have over us and are able
Projective Tests: Rauchshaw test, dream analysis, hypnosis
Techniques for Revealing the Unconscious
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