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Lecture 14

CRM2306 Lecture 14: SEPTEMBER 13


Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM 2306
Professor
Kate Fletcher
Lecture
14

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Week 1: September 13th
Imprisonment As Punishment The prison in contemporary society
Foucault
Prison reform occurs in consort and tandem with the very function of prison itself
The prison and prison reform are bound together (through the functioning itself)
Sealed of to the public, they are not allowed to see the power that exists in prison
There is shame of what they are doing
Early Punishments
Focused on the body
Corporal punishment: hitting, whipping, flogging, canning (changes via instrument)
Execution **
Mutilation
Branding marking with punishment
Puli spetales: stoks, pillor, throig roks…The idea is to shae people, if people see soeoe else
in this situation they might be deterred
I the 6’s the British ould trasport criminals to the American colonies
Would later begin to transport them to Australia (far far away)
Resent the authorities
Classical Criminology
Emphasis on law
Reparation/Retributions = Deterrence (general specific)
Punishment is meant to deter, people will see what happens when they break the rules and law
Proportionality = punishment = crime
The punishment has to fit the crime
We need to have a codified system of rules to govern how we evaluate acceptable or unacceptable
behavior
It would be outlined hat as alloed ad hat as’t alloed as ehaiors
Move away from punishment as a way of retribution e should’t e puishig people eause e thik
that’s hat the desere
I God’s id, ries are ot sis, ut ehaiors that e’e deteried to offend/work against the social
contract
Swift, certain, serve levels, punishment has to sting = we will see a deteret effect
Classical school theorists talk about the designs of prisons for people who have been sentenced for their
crimes if we cannot transport them some place far away
Betha’s Paoptio: arhitetural desig that represeted the ideal represetatio of priso etral
guard tower in the middle of the circular shaped prison in order to see everything and everyone
prisoners could not see in the tower) 1700s
Foucault discusses the Panopticon as a theory of power through effectively controlling people in a way that
is not overtly disciplinary
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The threat and fear of being watched
Beause ou eer ko he ou’re eig athed, there is always the potential of you being watched
(prisoners do not have a direct way of seeing if they are being watched in particular)
People will be governing their behavior as if they are being watched (the guards did not always have to be
on duty)
People are ultiatel goerig theseles eause the’re afraid the ould get i to troule/the ould
be being observed
Paopti sureillae = idea that the authorities are alas athig ou
Panoptic types of power Foucault
Problems of Early Prisons
- Corruption by contamination amongst prisoners
Men, women and children were once all thrown into the same institution
People with major crime, people with parking tickets, mentally insane etc
People awaiting trial would be placed in the same housing as someone waiting to enter prison (therefore,
some would be innocent and stuck in a house with people found guilty)
They then need to segregate prisons or it will just be a mess
- Corruption by indolence
People would be corrupted by being idle inside (working hard became a mechanism for you to save
yourself)
People would be lazy
The Penitentiary System
Prisons no longer called prisons, but penitentiaries
** William Pen, he wanted them to reflect upon their wrong doing, and when they reflect they will become
penitent, they need to feel remorse and only then will they change
Some people were allowed to have bibles
Trying to make a new you
Pennsylvania style prison is peitet through refletio see ore i Europe
Prisoners would express their penance or eoe peitet ou’re goig to reflet aroud our rog
doig ad oe to a realizatio aout our atios ad epress peae/reorse for hat ou’e doe
In this style of penitentiary, individuals did not have contact with other people, even when they were out
of their cells they would wear masks or blindfolds ***complete and total solitary confinement***
Recreation was done on their own, no prison guards were seen by prisoners
Awaken/change morality life annihilated and begun again
The idea was to dismantle the prisoer’s life as it was and to renew it in a better way
Prisoners ultimately lose their minds (cases of insanity/suicide)
This becomes the model of European prisons at the time
Radial prisons = greatly seen in Europe (UK) everyone has their own cells
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