CRM 2306 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Anger Management, Risk Assessment, Managerialism

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Lecture 2
Penitentiary as correctional institution:
-Medical model of imprisonment  offenders are sick, rehabilitate to fix and then reintegrate
into community.
-Treatment model  vocational training, therapeutic intervention.
People going back to prison is really common so clearly something is not working.
Does rehabilitation work?
Nothing works  no diminishment in recidivism
Merton looked at all the research done on recidivism (prison turn over rate) over time to see if
rehabilitation work. He concluded that no it didn’t work since recidivism rates were really high.
Federal Penitentiaries:
Correctional service Canada (CSC). There are different security levels which are minimum,
medium and maximum security.
Why federal and not provincial? When it is over two years of incarceration you go to federal
prison. Your level will depend on your past, your crime, if you’ve ever tried to escape, etc.
When it is time for parole you will cascade down the system ending with the minimum security
prison.
Provincial prison system:
Ministry of community Safety and correctional services
-Correctional centres (People sentenced to short sentences (60 days), people waiting court
date, etc)
-Jails/detention centres (Pretty much like maximum security systems)
-Treatment centres (provide specialized treatment for motivated offenders who have had
problems with substance abuse, anger management, sex offenders etc).
Corrections and conditional release act (1992)
Purpose of the correctional system:
The purpose of the federal correctional system is to contribute to the maintenance of a just and
peaceful and safe society by:
a) Carrying out sentences imposed by courts through the safe and humane custody and
supervision of offenders and
b) Assisting the rehabilitation of offenders and their reintegration into the community as
law-abiding citizens through the provision of programs in penitentiaries and in the
community.
Convicts are allowed to apply for parole after 2/3rd of their sentence is served. It is like a
reintegration approach.
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Document Summary

Medical model of imprisonment offenders are sick, rehabilitate to fix and then reintegrate into community. People going back to prison is really common so clearly something is not working. Merton looked at all the research done on recidivism (prison turn over rate) over time to see if rehabilitation work. He concluded that no it didn"t work since recidivism rates were really high. There are different security levels which are minimum, medium and maximum security. When it is over two years of incarceration you go to federal prison. Your level will depend on your past, your crime, if you"ve ever tried to escape, etc. When it is time for parole you will cascade down the system ending with the minimum security prison. Correctional centres (people sentenced to short sentences (60 days), people waiting court date, etc) Jails/detention centres (pretty much like maximum security systems)

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