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Lecture 23

CRM2309 Lecture 23: CRM 2309 A - Lecture 23

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Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM2309
Professor
Erin Mc Cuaig

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November 30
CRM 2309 A
Lecture 23
Community Corrections and Health
Community Supervision
- Two categories:
oCommunity sentences
Aversion
Gradual release
oConditional release
Released from institution
Parole
80% of offenders are on parole
Gradual
Conditional Release
Conditional Release: period of conditional supervised release in the community following a
prison term
- Post custodial conditional supervision and those sentenced to a term of supervised
release
Conditional Release Programs in Canada
- Full parole
oApply after 1/3 of sentence is complete
- Day parole
oTo go to school or work
- Temporary absence
oFamily death, medical, compassionate
- Statutory release
oIf you stay out of trouble for 2/3 of sentence you can be denied by parole board
but you are likely to be released
- Warrant expiry
oNot conditional but means your term of imprisonment is over
oNo conditions or supervision
There has been a decline in provincial parole—the rest of parole is done by federal parole
People have been less likely to be released because of publicity and danger
Benefits of parole:
- Ppl placed on conditions while returning to society and can be controlled in some form
- Less likely to get into trouble again
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November 30
Conditions of Conditional Release:
- Not associating with people who are bad influences
- Reporting to parole officer
- Letting everyone know changes of residence
- Maintaining work or attending meetings
- Not coming into contact with the victim
***Parole board sets conditions for offender
Violations during parole are dealt with by the judge and can have it revoked or sent back to
prison—normally because of technical violations (reporting to officer, urine tests, etc.)
Probation:Parole:
Ordered by judge Ordered by parole board
Part of sentence No minimum or maximum
Max 3 years Can be revoked
May replace or follow prison term
Non-compliance may lead to new charges and trial
Incarceration makes health conditions worse. These group of people normally don’t have good
health going into prison, have poor access to health care, are of a minority, low financial means
to get good health; and also have to deal with the impacts that come from being in an
institution (stress, sexual victimization, etc.)
Deprivation: divested of individual rights and possessions that are offered to free individuals
- Negative health effects don’t end after incarceration
oThere is a loss of social support and they are subjected to the same poor health
care
oInability to obtain employment, health care, etc.
oStigma (unfavorable approaches, views, and macro level policies, that are
directed toward people who belong to a shunned or socially marginalized group)
that comes with prison
Discrimination against people with criminal records
oMediates involvement with risky behaviour (unprotected sex, drugs, etc.)
Strong social ties can help minimize these risks
- Reintegration is often not successful and leads to social isolation
oBeing unable to get the necessities to better their life may have to resort back to
the behaviours that got them into trouble in the first place in order to survive
oNo employment, housing, or schooling because of a criminal record leads to
stress and poor health and possible re-offending
Medication costs money and can be unaffordable for people who were in CJS—it also depends
on medical history of the patient.
Risk of mortality when released from prison—suicide and untreated abuse
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com

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Description
November 30 CRM 2309 A Lecture 23 Community Corrections and Health Community Supervision - Two categories: o Community sentences Aversion Gradual release o Conditional release Released from institution Parole 80% of offenders are on parole Gradual Conditional Release Conditional Release: period of conditional supervised release in the community following a prison term - Post custodial conditional supervision and those sentenced to a term of supervised release Conditional Release Programs in Canada - Full parole o Apply after 1/3 of sentence is complete - Day parole o To go to school or work - Temporary absence o Family death, medical, compassionate - Statutory release o If you stay out of trouble for 2/3 of sentence you can be denied by parole board but you are likely to be released - Warrant expiry o Not conditional but means your term of imprisonment is over o No conditions or supervision There has been a decline in provincial parolethe rest of parole is done by federal parole People have been less likely to be released because of publicity and danger Benefits of parole: - Ppl placed on conditions while returning to society and can be controlled in some form - Less likely to get into trouble againNovember 30 Conditions of Conditional Release: - Not associating with people who are bad influences - Reporting to parole officer - Letting everyone know changes of residence - Maintaining work or attending meetings - Not coming into contact with the victim ***Parole board sets conditions for offender Violations during parole are dealt with by the judge and can have it revoked or sent back to prisonnormally because of technical violations (reporting to officer, urine tests, etc.) Probation: Parole: Ordered by judge Ordered by parole board Part of sentence No minimum or maximum Max 3 years Can be revoked May replace or follow prison term Non-compliance may lead to new charges and trial Incarceration makes health conditions worse. These group of people normally dont have good health going into prison, have poor access to health care, are of a minority, low financial means to get good health; and also have to deal with the impacts that come from being in an institution (stress, sexual victimization, etc.) Deprivation: divested of individual rights and possessions that are offered to free i
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