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Lecture 17

CRM2309 Lecture 17: CRM 2309 A - Lecture 17

5 Pages
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Department
Criminology
Course Code
CRM2309
Professor
Erin Mc Cuaig

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November 9
CRM 2309 A
Lecture 17
Law Enforcement and Health
***Criminology Week: November 13-17
Law Enforcement in this class is not including correctional officers.
Policing and the military are the only groups that can use societal approved violence and
force.
Injuries Involving Police and Suspects
- When someone is injured it usually occurs in the arrest process
oBruises
oSprains
oAbrasions
- Use of force incidents are rare; the relative occurrence is not a lot
- Injuries can be caused because of the weapons used
oEx. In a study it was found that metal flashlights were used to hit people
Most injuries occurred by this
Now-a-days it is: Tasers or pepper spray
oEx. 2. In another study, punching was found to be a common use of force that
caused injury
Either injuring the officer—broken bone from hitting the offender—
or injuring the offender
oEx. 3. Suspects are most likely to be injured when the officer uses bodily force
Tackling, punching, kicking, etc.
Police dogs
Injuries were normally because they attacked the dog
oIncrease in the amount and calibre of weapons is because of:
Women joining the police force
Not a hands on tactic—tries to put an end to peoples resistant without
getting close enough to be injured
- Police officer injuries are relatively rare and minor in use of force incidents
oPO injuries are related to the type of force being used
More common in use of bodily force
Putting on handcuffs, tackling to the ground
oGetting close to subject and using hands-on tactic has more risk of injury
Law Enforcement and the Mentally Ill
Police are the only people who are called when a mentally ill person needs help—injuries
involving incidents with PwMI are a first and last resort.
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November 9
Reading found:
- There are higher levels of police use of force—maybe because of resistance, or
drugs/alcohol, or preconceived idea of danger by police—and they are more likely
to be injured.
- When these things are controlled, there might be other things at play that can have
an impact on injuries
Johnson found:
- PO’s are not likely to use more violence
- Factors Involved:
oSpecific disorders—with psychotic or delusional factors
Perceive police as a threat
Fear of re-arrest
Police can apprehend and take PwMI to a hospital to see if they
are a harm
oDrug treatment
If PwMI is not following their medications they can act out
oSubstance Abuse
oStressful life events
Being evicted
Causing trouble and being moved
Something starts and begins a stressful life event and then causes that
person to use more force/violence
Video: Fatal Police Shootings
- Shootings have gone up
oAre being videotaped more (38% increase)
- Less than 20% are rookie officers, most (41~%) are officers with 10+ years
experience
oBlack ‘suspects’ are the most often (2-3X more likely) along with the mentally
ill
- The goal is for police to reasonably talk to offenders or get them to comply without
violence like shooting
oIf they need to use fatal violence then when both police and citizens see the
video they know that there was no other option
- In many cases, the victims are unarmed when they are shot
oThere must be some other contributing factor in order to prosecute
It takes a lot more than just the victim being unarmed
Jurors are less likely to convict
oPOs often spend less time in jail even when convicted
“Suicide by Cop”
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Description
November 9 CRM 2309 A Lecture 17 Law Enforcement and Health ***Criminology Week: November 13-17 Law Enforcement in this class is not including correctional officers. Policing and the military are the only groups that can use societal approved violence and force. Injuries Involving Police and Suspects - When someone is injured it usually occurs in the arrest process o Bruises o Sprains o Abrasions - Use of force incidents are rare; the relative occurrence is not a lot - Injuries can be caused because of the weapons used o Ex. In a study it was found that metal flashlights were used to hit people Most injuries occurred by this Now-a-days it is: Tasers or pepper spray o Ex. 2. In another study, punching was found to be a common use of force that caused injury Either injuring the officerbroken bone from hitting the offender or injuring the offender o Ex. 3. Suspects are most likely to be injured when the officer uses bodily force Tackling, punching, kicking, etc. Police dogs Injuries were normally because they attacked the dog o Increase in the amount and calibre of weapons is because of: Women joining the police force Not a hands on tactictries to put an end to peoples resistant without getting close enough to be injured - Police officer injuries are relatively rare and minor in use of force incidents o PO injuries are related to the type of force being used More common in use of bodily force Putting on handcuffs, tackling to the ground o Getting close to subject and using hands-on tactic has more risk of injury Law Enforcement and the Mentally Ill Police are the only people who are called when a mentally ill person needs helpinjuries involving incidents with PwMI are a first and last resort.November 9 Reading found: - There are higher levels of police use of forcemaybe because of resistance, or drugs/alcohol, or preconceived idea of danger by policeand they are more likely to be injured. - When these things are controlled, there might be other things at play that can have an impact on injuries Johnson found: - POs are not likely to use more violence - Factors Involved: o Specific disorderswith psychotic or delusional factors Perceive police as a threat Fear of re-arrest Police can apprehend and take PwMI to a hospital to see if they are a harm o Drug treatment If PwMI is not following their medications they can act out o Substance Abuse o Stressful life events Being evicted Causing trouble and being moved Something starts and begins a stressful
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